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Table 1 Information on plants used in the present study

From: Antibacterial and antibiotic-modifying activities of three food plants (Xanthosoma mafaffa Lam., Moringa oleifera (L.) Schott and Passiflora edulis Sims) against multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria

Species (family); Voucher numbera Traditional uses Parts used traditionally Bioactive or potentially bioactive components Bioactivity of crude extract
Xanthosoma mafaffa (L.) Schott (Araceae); 18675/SRF/Cam Bone disease (osteoporosis) [37] Leaves and tubers - -
Passiflora edulis Sims (Passifloraceae); 65104/HNC Anxiety, insomnia and nervousnes, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive [38], gastric trouble [39], antioxidant, cancer [40] Leaves, fruit, bark and roots ionone-I, ionone-II, megastigma-5,8-dien-4–1, megastigma-5,8(Z)-diene-4–1, 4,4a-Epoxy-4, 4a-dihydroedulan, 3-hydroxyedulan, edulan-I, edulan-II, passifloric acid methyl ester [40] Methanol extract : Sa, Sf, Bs, Ec, Pv and St [40]
Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae); 49178/HNC Dental caries, syphilis, typhoid, diarrhea, epilepsy, purgative, prostate cancer, water purification [41], fever, HIV-AIDS [42] Leaves, flowers, seeds and barks 4-(4’-O-acetyl-α-L-rhamnopyranosyloxy)benzylisothiocyanate, 4-(-L-rhamnopyranosyloxy)benzylisothiocyanate, niazimicin, pterygospermin, benzylisothiocyanate and 4-(α-L-rhamnopyranosyloxy)benzylglucosinolate [43] Aqueous and ethanol extracts of seeds against Sa, Vc, Ec, Se, Lv and On [44]
  1. a(HNC) Herbier National du Cameroun, (SRF/Cam) Société des Réserves Forestières du Cameroun; (-): nor reported; Sa: Staphylococcus aureus; Vc: Vibrio cholerae; Ec: Escherichia coli; Se: Salmonella enteretidis; Lv: Litopenaeus vannmaei; On: Oreochromis nicoticus; Bs: Bacillus subtilis; St: Salmonella typhi; Sf: Streptococcus faecalis; Pv: Proteus vulgaris; HIV-AIDS: Human Immunodeficiency Virus- Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome