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Fig. 5 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 5

From: Evaluation of in vitro anti-inflammatory effects of crude ginger and rosemary extracts obtained through supercritical CO2 extraction on macrophage and tumor cell line: the influence of vehicle type

Fig. 5

Comparison of the effects of ginger and rosemary extracts dissolved in DMSO on nitric oxide release and inflammatory cytokine production by stimulated murine peritoneal and J774 macrophages cells. Nitric oxide production (a) and levels of TNF-α (b) and IL-1 (c) cytokines secreted by murine peritoneal or J774 macrophages cells incubated for 48 h with rosemary and ginger extracts dissolved in DMSO and stimulated or not with LPS/IFN-γ: LPS (1 μg/mL) plus IFN- γ (150 IU/mL). Cells were treated with extracts at 0.7 mg/mL. The amount of NO released into the culture supernatants is expressed as nitrite. The columns represent the means ± SEM (n = 6). * indicates data statistically significantly different in comparison with the control (no-treated cells) at p < 0.05

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