Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics for stroke patients with or without acupuncture treatment

From: Decreased risk of acute myocardial infarction in stroke patients receiving acupuncture treatment: a nationwide matched retrospective cohort study

  Acupuncture treatment  
  No (N = 46950) Yes (N = 23475) P
Sex n (%) n (%) 1.0000
 Female 20098 (42.8) 10049 (42.8)  
 Male 26852 (57.2) 13426 (57.2)  
Age, years      1.0000
 40–49 3994 (8.5) 1997 (8.5)  
 50–59 9274 (19.8) 4637 (19.8)  
 60–69 16796 (35.8) 8398 (35.8)  
 70–79 16886 (36.0) 8443 (36.0)  
Low income 680 (1.5) 340 (1.5) 1.0000
Subtypes of stroke      1.0000
 Hemorrhagic 4408 (9.4) 2204 (9.4)  
 Ischemic 27096 (57.7) 13548 (57.7)  
 Others 15446 (32.9) 7723 (32.9)  
Medical conditions      
 Hypertension 35028 (74.6) 17514 (74.6) 1.0000
 Diabetes 18034 (38.4) 9017 (38.4) 1.0000
 Mental disorder 15722 (33.5) 7861 (33.5) 1.0000
 Hyperlipidemia 6472 (13.8) 3236 (13.8) 1.0000
 Cardiac arrhythmia 4492 (9.6) 2246 (9.6) 1.0000
 Traumatic brain injury 3692 (7.9) 1846 (7.9) 1.0000
 Parkinson’s disease 3358 (7.2) 1679 (7.2) 1.0000
 Depression 664 (1.4) 332 (1.4) 1.0000
 Alzheimer’s disease 24 (0.1) 12 (0.1) 1.0000
 Obesity 38 (0.1) 19 (0.1) 1.0000
 Malignant brain tumor 18 (0.0) 9 (0.0) 1.0000
Smoking cessation 362 (0.8) 181 (0.8) 1.0000
Rehabilitation 27350 (58.3) 13675 (58.3) 1.0000
Anticoagulant 3300 (7.0) 1650 (7.0) 1.0000
Anti-platelet agents 44612 (95.0) 22306 (95.0) 1.0000
Lipid-lowering agents 23868 (50.8) 11934 (50.8) 1.0000
ICU stay 3448 (7.3) 3448 (7.3) 1.0000
Neurosurgery 828 (1.8) 414 (1.8) 1.0000
Length of stay, mean ± SD 6.92 ± 5.15 6.94 ± 5.21 0.5655
  1. ICU intensive care unit, SD standard deviation