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Table 1 Medicinal plants cross checked by “The Plant List” ( www.theplantlist.org ) used in the formulation of Nidrakar Bati and authenticity of the plant specimen by Bangladesh National Herbarium (BNH), Mirpur, Dhaka

From: Exploring new pharmacology and toxicological screening and safety evaluation of one widely used formulation of Nidrakar Bati from South Asia region

Plant name (local and English) Botanical name Family Quantity used in NKB (%) Parts used Chemical components BNH accession number
Jatamamsi, English : Indian night shade Nardostachys jatamamsi DC. Valerianaceae 35.71% Rhizome Terpenoids, alkaloids, neolignans, lignans, coumarins, nardal, jatamansic acid, BR606 and nardin 32357
Sarpagandha, English : Indian snake root. Serpentine root. Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz. Apocynaceae 17.85% Root Yohimbine, reserpine, ajmaline, deserpidine, rescinnamine, serpentinine. 36788
Sanhkapushpi, English : Canscora Canscora decussata (Roxb.) Schult. Gentianaceae 17.85% Whole plant Shankapushpine, Ceryl alcohol, β-Sitosterol, Evolvin, Betaine, Pentatriacontane, Triacontane, Glycoalkaloid, Gentianine, Mangiferin, Triterpenes – β – amyrin,Taraxerol, Taraxerone, Tannins & resins. 33065
Amalaki, English : Indian Gooseberry Phyllanthus emblica Linn. Euphorbiaceae 7.14% Fruit rind Ascorbic acid, ellagitannins, punicafolin, phyllanemblinin A, phyllanemblin, flavonoids, kaempferol, ellagic acid and gallic acid. 26450
Dhattura, English : White Thorn apple Datura stramonium Linn. Solanaceae 7.14% Seed Tropane lkaloids atropine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine 30120
Bhang, English : Indian hemp Cannabis sativa Linn. Cannabinaceae 7.14% Seed Tetrahydrocannabinol , Cannabidiol, α-Pinene, Myrcene, Linaloo, Limonene, Trans-β-ocimene, α-Terpinolene, Trans-caryophyllene, α-Humulene, Caryophyllene-oxide 33260
Vacha, English: Sweet flag Acorus calamus Linn. Araceae 7.14% Rhizome Asamyl alcohol, Eugenol, Asarone, Acorin (Glucoside), Starch and Tannin 35710