Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic characteristics by group

From: A feasibility pilot study on the use of complementary therapies delivered via mobile technologies on Icelandic surgical patients’ reports of anxiety, pain, and self-efficacy in healing

*Group ART MI NVAM NVA Control
Total (N = 105) n = 25 n = 25 n = 15 n = 16 n = 24
Gender Males = 6 Males = 4 Males = 4 Males = 2 Males = 5
Females = 19 Female = 21 Females = 11 Females = 14 Females = 19
Age Mean (SD) 45.2 (13.4) 46.0 (15.0) 43.9 (13.5) 44.6 (16.5) 51.2 (13.7)
Past Medical History Anxiety = 5 Anxiety = 7 Anxiety = 5 Anxiety = 4 Anxiety = 6
Depression = 4 Depression = 5 Depression = 6 Depression = 3 Depression = 4
Acute pain = 1 Acute pain = 2 Acute pain = 1 Acute pain = 0 Acute pain = 3
Chronic pain = 3 Chronic pain = 4 Chronic pain = 5 Chronic pain = 3 Chronic pain = 5
Routine Medication Anxiety = 3 Anxiety = 6 Anxiety = 3 Anxiety = 4 Anxiety = 4
Pain = 4 Pain = 5 Pain = 4 Pain = 2 Pain = 7
Used CM Yes = 7 Yes = 9 Yes = 3 Yes = 7 Yes = 7
Used ART Yes = 13 Yes = 11 Yes = 4 Yes = 7 Yes = 10
Used MI Yes = 11 Yes = 5 Yes = 2 Yes = 3 Yes = 3
  1. Note. ART = audio relaxation technique; MI = music intervention; NVAM = nature video with music; NVA = nature video with music. *Both rounds combined.