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Table 5 The “push” and “pull” factors for using CAM in 185 patients

From: Complementary and alternative medicine usage among cardiac patients: a descriptive study

Push and pull factors for CAM usage Number (n) Percentage (%) SE (%)
Push Factors    
 Inadequacies of CM 128 69.2 3.39
 High cost of CM 40 21.6 3.03
 Adverse effects and the toxic or damaging nature of CM 55 29.7 3.36
 Disappointment with CM 23 12.4 2.42
 Mechanistic nature of CM 6 3.2 1.29
Pull Factors    
 CAM promotes general health and wellness 147 79.5 2.97
 CAM specifically assists in fighting illness 146 78.9 3.00
 CAM is helpful 137 74.1 3.22
 Trying everything that can help 131 70.8 3.34
 CAM improves physical well-being 117 63.2 3.55
 CAM allows a user to relax and sleep 88 47.6 3.67
 CAM directly treats complications 41 22.2 3.06
 CAM improves psychological and emotional well-being 14 7.6 1.95
 CAM gives users control of their treatment and faith 8 4.3 1.49
 CAM is more in keeping with inner beliefs 7 3.8 1.41
  1. CAM = complementary and alternative medicine; CM = conventional medicine; SE = standard error.
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