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Table 7 Antibacterial activity of isolated group of phytoconstituents

From: Antibacterial and phytochemical screening of Anethum graveolens, Foeniculum vulgare and Trachyspermum ammi

Plants Phytoconstituents Bacteria
Zone of inhibition (in mm)
   SA PA2 STM1 SF
Anethum graveolens Alk - - - 5.0
  Fl - - - -
  Tn - - 5.0 -
  Sp 9 6.5 4.8 7.5
  Cg - 5.0 - -
Foeniculum vulgare Alk - - - 6.0
  Fl - - - -
  Tn - 6.0 5.0 6.75
  Sp 10 - 5.0 9.0
  Cg - - - -
Trachyspermum ammi Alk - - - -
  Fl - - - -
  Tn - - 5.0 6
  Sp 11 - 5.0 8.5
  Cg - 6.2 5.2 -
  1. -: no zone of inhibition
  2. SA: Staphylococcus aureus; PA2: Pseudomonas aeruginosa; STM1: Salmonella typhimurium 1; SF: Shigella flexneri
  3. Alk: Alkaloids; Fl: Flavonoid; Tn: Tannins; Sp: Saponins; Cg: Cardiac glycosides