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Table 3 Patients' socio-demographic characteristics by attitudes to health

From: Use of complementary and alternative medicine and self-tests by coronary heart disease patients

  Alternative medicine Medical outcomes Medical encounters Natural remedies Holism Rejection of authority Responsibility Consumerism
Gender         
Males mean (SD) -0.02 (1.01) -0.01 (0.96) 0.03 (0.98) -0.009 (1.0) 0.002 (1.02) -0.05 (1.04) -0.04 (0.98) -0.06 (1.02)
Females mean (SD) 0.08 (0.98) 0.04 (1.12) -0.11 (1.07) -0.03 (1.03) -0.005 (0.93) 0.17 (0.84) 0.13 (1.05) 0.22 (0.88)
Mean Difference -0.10 -0.049 0.14 -0.038 0.007 -0.22 -0.17 -0.28*
95% CI of mean diff -0.34, 0.14 -0.29, 0.19 -0.10, 0.38 -0.27, 0.20 -0.23, 0.24 -0.45, 0.02 -0.40, 0.07 -0.49, -0.07
p-value 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.8 1.0 0.07 0.2 0.02
Ethnicity         
Whites mean (SD) 0.04 (0.95) -0.09 (0.97) -0.07 (0.99) -0.05 (0.99) -0.001 (0.98) 0.017 (1.00) -0.018 (1.05) 0.008 (1.00)
Non-whites mean (SD) -0.22 (1.22) 0.48 (1.02) 0.35 (0.99) 0.26 (1.07) 0.007 (1.10) -0.08 (1.00) 0.09 (0.68) -0.04 (1.01)
Mean Difference 0.27 -0.57* -0.43* -0.31* -0.008 0.10 -0.11 0.05
95% CI of mean diff -0.06, 0.59 -0.84, -0.31 -0.69, -0.17 -0.58, -0.05 -0.27, 0.25 -0.16, 0.36 -0.31, 0.09 -0.22, 0.31
p-value 0.05 <0.001 0.001 0.02 1.0 0.5 0.4 0.7
Age group         
<65 yrs mean (SD) 0.07 (1.01) 0.03 (1.04) 0.13 (1.02) 0.02 (1.04) 0.01 (1.03) -0.02 (1.08) -0.05 (1.01) -0.013 (1.03)
65+ yrs mean (SD) -0.11 (0.98) -0.04 (0.92) -0.20 (0.93) -0.03 (0.94) -0.02 (0.95) 0.02 (0.87) 0.07 (0.98) 0.02 (0.97)
Mean Difference 0.19 0.06 0.33* 0.05 0.03 -0.04 -0.12 -0.03
95% CI of mean diff -0.02, 0.39 -0.14, 0.27 0.13, 0.53 -0.15, 0.25 -0.16, 0.23 -0.24, 0.16 -0.32, 0.08 -0.17, 0.23
p-value 0.07 0.5 0.001 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.8
  1. * p < 0.05.
  2. Attitudes to health presented as z-scores.