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Table 3 Common health concerns for self-medication with herbal remedies, ranked by prevalence

From: Perceived efficacy of herbal remedies by users accessing primary healthcare in Trinidad

Health use Number of herbs cited Most commonly cited herbs n (%)
Colds and coughs 42 Shandileer (Leonotis nepetifolia) 68 (25.7)
   Ginger (Zingiber officinale) 33 (12.5)
   Christmas bush (Chromolaena odorata) 30 (11.3)
   Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) 29 (10.9)
   Zebapique (Neurolaena lobata) 29 (10.3)
'Blood cleanser' 29 Aloes (Aloe vera; Aloe barbadensis) 53 (20.0)
General health and wellness 25 Ginger (Zingiber officinale) 20 (7.6)
   Garlic (Allium sativum) 19 (7.2)
   Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) 15 (5.7)
Hypertension 15 Garlic (Allium sativum) 53 (20.0)
Carminative 12 Orange rind (Citrus sinensis ( L.) Osbeck) 88 (33.2)
   Garlic (Allium sativum) 60 (22.6)
   Ginger (Zingiber officinale) 46 (17.4)
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