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Table 2 Common medicinal plants and their ethnobotanical use, ranked by prevalence.

From: Perceived efficacy of herbal remedies by users accessing primary healthcare in Trinidad

Common name Botanical name Ethnobotanical Use n (%)
Garlic Allium sativum L. Carminative, hypertension 128 (48.3)
Orange (rind) Citrus sinensis ( L.) Osbeck Carminative, general health, hypertension, menstrual pain 109 (41.1)
Ginger Zingiber officinale Roscoe Carminative, common cold, cough, general health 100 (37.7)
Lemongrass Cymbopogon citratus (D.C.) Stapfl Fever, common cold, cough, general health 92 (34.7)
Aloes Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller) 'blood cleanser', anticoagulant, general health 70 (26.4)
Shandileer Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br. Common cold, cough, fever 53 (20.0)
Zebapique Neurolaena lobata Common cold, cough, fever, diabetes mellitus 32 (12.1)
Christmas bush Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M. King & H. Rob Common cold, cough 31 (11.7)
Vervine Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl 'blood cleanser', common cold, general health, lactation 24 (9.1)
Karaili Momordica charantia L. Diabetes mellitus, 'blood cleanser', gripe 22 (8.3)
Noni Morinda citrifolia Linn. General health, diabetes mellitus 17 (6.4)
Shining bush Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth 'blood cleanser', common cold, general health 16 (6.0)
Lime (young buds) Citrus limetta Risso Common cold, general health 15 (5.7)
Bois cano Cecropia peltata L. Common cold, cough, general health 14 (5.3)
Black sage Cordida cylindristachya R.S. Common cold, cough 14 (5.3)
Shadon beni Eryngium foetidum L. Common cold, fever, pain 14 (5.3)
Wonder-of-the-world Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers. Pain 14 (5.3)
Wild senna Senna alata (L.) Roxb 'Colon cleanser' 13 (4.9)