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Table 4 Frequency of Utilization of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Modalities According to Illness Classification

From: Complementary and alternative medical therapy utilization by people with chronic fatiguing illnesses in the United States

CAM categories and specific modalities CFS-like
(n = 48)
Chronic Fatigue
(n = 327)
Prolonged Fatigue
(n = 53)
Non-fatigued
(n = 435)
Overall p-Value p-Trend
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Body-based       
   Chiropractic 12 (25.5) 57 (17.0) 10 (18.9) 39 (9.0) .0004 .0001
   Massage 17 (36.2) 71 (21.2) 1 (22.6) 65 (14.9) .002 .001
Alternative Medicine System       
   Homeopathy 7 (15.2) 30 (9.1) 1 (1.9) 26 (6.0) .03 .02
Mind-body       
   Biofeedback 3 (6.4) 8 (2.4) 1 (1.9) 6 (1.4) .12 .06
   Hypnosis 0 (0) 4 (1.2) 0 (0) 0 (0) .11 --
   Image/visual 7 (14.9) 39 (11.8) 9 (17.0) 34 (7.9) .07 .04
   Mindful exercise 4 (8.5) 27 (8.0) 5 (9.4) 23 (5.3) .28 .11
   Personal prayer 35 (74.5) 226 (67.5) 36 (67.9) 252 (58.1) .01 .002
   Prayer by others 23 (48.9) 114 (34.0) 12 (22.6) 92 (21.1) <.0001 <.0001
   Relaxation 11 (23.4) 90 (26.9) 10 (19.2) 60 (13.8) .0001 <.0001
   Self-Help 4 (8.5) 25 (7.5) 0 (0) 14 (3.2) .01 .004
Biologically-based       
   Diet supplements 8 (17.0) 47 (14.0) 2 (3.8) 50 (11.5) .12 .17
   Herbal supplements 13 (27.7) 75 (22.4) 10 (18.9) 80 (18.4) .30 .07
   Vitamins 5 (10.6) 28 (8.5) 5 (9.4) 28 (6.4) .56 .27
Energy       
   Acupuncture 1 (2.1) 8 (2.4) 2 (3.8) 5 (1.1) .25 .21
   Energy healing 4 (8.5) 24 (7.2) 2 (3.8) 16 (3.7) .10 .02
  1. Due to missing values, percentages cannot be computed based on total subjects