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Table 3 Preliminary Framework of Outcome Domains Important for CAM Research

From: Evaluating complementary and alternative medicine interventions: in search of appropriate patient-centered outcome measures

Holistic wellness/well-being (encompassing each of physical, psychological, social, spiritual)
Physical Psychological Social Spiritual
Biological markers Absorption Adjustment Awareness
Disability Anger Advocacy Balance
Energy Anxiety Economic Enablement
Fatigue Attitudes and Beliefs    Health care utilization Energy
Function/Activities of Daily Living Awareness    Cost-effectiveness Harmony
Pain Coping Relationships Hope
Pathology Depression Role function in daily life and work Peace
Sleep Empathy Social support Relaxation
Symptom management Enablement Socioeconomic Spirituality
  Energy Social Strain Transformation
  Patient expectations Religiosity  
  General   
  Hope   
  Introversion   
  Locus of control   
  Mood   
  Openness to experience   
  Optimism/Pessimism   
  Patient knowledge   
  Patient motivation   
  Patient perceived self-efficacy   
  Patient perceptions of care   
  Patient perceptions of risk   
  Patient preference for control   
  Patient Satisfaction   
  Readiness   
  Relaxation   
  Resilience   
  Self-Esteem   
  Sense of Coherence   
  Stress   
  Trust   
Quality of Life (assessing at least two of physical, psychological, social, spiritual)
Global
Multidimensional
Individualized
e.g. Measure Your Medical Outcome Profile, Measure Your Concerns and Well-being, Goal Attainment Scaling
Context of healing
Healing environment
Negotiations between patients and practitioners
Patient-centeredness of healing
Patient expectations
Patient-practitioner relationship
Practitioner attitudes towards integration
Practitioner attributes
Practitioner expectations
Practitioner experience
Attunement
Therapeutic Intent
Process of healing
Adjustment
Engagement with intervention experience
Personal growth
Transformation
Unstuckness