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Table 4 Gender wise comparisons of respiratory and cardiac parameters of yoga and non yoga group.

From: The effect of long term combined yoga practice on the basal metabolic rate of healthy adults

  Women Men
  Yoga (n = 24) Non Yoga (n = 15) Yoga (n = 31) Non Yoga (n = 34)
VE [l/min] 5.5 ± 1.2 6.1 ± 1.1 6.1 ± 1.0** 7.2 ± 1.3
BF [1/min] 14.8 ± 3.7** 17.7 ± 2.1 12.6 ± 3.5** 15.0 ± 3.2
VO 2 [ml/min] 155.4 ± 27.6** 185.4 ± 32.7 192.4 ± 28.2** 212.9 ± 33.6
VCO 2 [ml/min] 142.2 ± 26.2* 160.3 ± 26.6 169.7 ± 27.7** 194.0 ± 31.7
RQ 0.91± 0.07* 0.87 ± 0.06 0.88 ± 0.05* 0.91 ± 0.06
HR [beats/min] 69.6 ± 9.0 72.1 ± 5.8 64.2 ± 9.7 64.7 ± 11.2
  1. Mean ± SD
  2. ** P < 0.001, yoga group compared with non yoga group
  3. * P < 0.05, yoga group compared with non yoga group
  4. VE (minute ventilation rate), BF (breath flow), V02 (volume of oxygen consumed/minute)
  5. VCO2 (volume of carbon dioxide expired/minute), RQ (respiratory quotient), HR (heart rate)
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