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Table 6 Inhibition of biofilm formation (%) of the oral microorganisms in the presence of the EOs and fractions at 1 mg/mL

From: Action of essential oils from Brazilian native and exotic medicinal species on oral biofilms

Microorganisms
Medicinal species C .albicans CBS 562 F. nucleatum ATCC 25586 P. gingivalis ATCC 33277 S. sanguis ATCC 10556 S. mitis ATCC 903
EO A .gratissima 12.31 f 55.83 d 39.12 a 60.83 a,b 9.00 a
F 4 AG 19.23 d,e 56.46 d 30.88 b 58.13b,c 8.50 a
EO C. sativum 23.08 c,d 55.83 d 39.71 a 58.33 a,b,c 1.50 b
EO M. glomerata 22.69 c,d 58.96 c 40.00 a 54.79 c 1.00 b
F 4 MG 20.77d,e 60.83 b 37.94 a 60.63 a,b,c 0.00 c
EO C. articulatus 28.08 a,b 61.67 a,b 43.53 a 63.96 a 5.00 a,b
F 4 CA 25.77 a,b,c 61.25 a,b 39.41 a 61.67 a,b 2.50 b
EO L. sidoides 16.55 e,f 58.33 c 12.94 c 58.13 a,b,c 5.50 a,b
F 2 LS 23.85 b,c,d 62,29 a 44.41 a 42.71 d 0.00 c
Nystatin/ 29.62 a _ _ _ _
Chlorhexidine digluconate _ 55.42 d 37.65 a 57.08 c 1.50 b
  1. AG: A. gratissima, CA: C. articulatus, CS: C. sativum, MG: M. glomerata, LS: L. sidoides. Values of 0.00 indicates any inhibition on biofilm formation.
  2. Values in the same column with different letters (a-f) are significantly different (p≤0,05) by Tukey Test.