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Table 1 Comprehensive list of specific terms tested in cognitive interviews

From: Cognitive interviews guide design of a new CAM patient expectations questionnaire

Broad category Specific terms Source for specific terms*
1. Terms and Phrases Describing Expectations Expect Cambron; Cherkin/Sherman; Coeytaux; Evans; Foster; Haas; Hondras; Qualitative interviews of patients
Personally expect Cohen; Linde; Witt
Realistically expect Qualitative interviews of patients
Hope Qualitative interviews of patients
hopeful Foster
Think Cohen; Lao
Feel Borkovec and Nau (Used by Lewith, Wayne and P. White); Cohen
Believe Hondras; Linde; Lao; Vas
Really think Devilly and Borkovec used “really feel”
Successful Borkovec and Nau; Cohen; Devilly and Borkovec; Haas; Kaptchuk; Hurwitz; Lamb
Helpful Cherkin/Sherman; Hondras; Ritenbaugh
Think is likely to occur Devilly and Borkovec; Expert reviewer
Confident Borkovec and Nau (Used by Lewith, Wayne and P. White); Cambron; Cohen; Haas; Hurwitz; Kaptchuk; Lamb
2. Domains of Outcome Expectations   
Back Pain Back condition Cherkin/Sherman
Back pain Back pain [Cherkin/Sherman; Foster]
Low back pain [Evans; Hondras; Hurwitz; Williams; Witt]
Back pain problems Low back problems [Hondras]
Back Dysfunction and Global Effects Limitations due to back pain Devilly and Borkovec
  Impact of back pain on life Qualitative interviews of patients
Impact of Back Pain on Specific Areas of Life Impact on work Qualitative interviews of patients
  Impact on social and recreational activities Qualitative interviews of patients
  Impact on daily activities Qualitative interviews of patients
  Impact on relationships with family and friends Qualitative interviews of patients
Mood, Energy Mood Moyer; Qualitative interviews of patients
  Energy Cohen; Mao; Qualitative interviews of patients
Coping Coping Mao
3. Timeframe End of treatment period Devilly and Borkovec
  Short-term outcome Hondras (1 month from now)
  Long-term outcome Evans (3 months after)
  One year from now Cherkin/Sherman
1. Response Options   
Words Agreement with item Cohen; Mao; Moyer; Vas; White;
  Word descriptors for each gradation Cohen; Cherkin/Sherman; Evans; Foster; Linde ART, Ritenbaugh; Witt; Mao; Lao
Numbers 0 to 10 Cambron; Coeytaux; Evans; Foster; Hondras
  1 to 9 Devilly and Borkovec
  Percentage Devilly and Borkovec; Evans;
  -5 to-5 Expert reviewer
  1 to 5 Kaptchuk
2. Anchors   
  Relative descriptors Lower anchors: A little worse [study team]; Much worse [Cherkin/Sherman; Hondras]; Very unhelpful [Ritenbaugh]; Worst pain imaginable [Cambron]
Upper anchors: Better than it’s ever been [study team]; Extremely helpful [Evans; Ritenbaugh]; Extremely hopeful [Foster]; Very effective [Coeytaux]
  Absolute descriptors Lower anchors: No pain [Cambron]; Not at all effective [Coeytaux]; No change/worse [study team]; Not at all helpful [Williams; Hondras]; Not at all hopeful [Foster]; No Improvement [Witt]
   Upper anchors: Complete Relief [expert reviewers]; Completely Better [Foster]; Completely Gone [Cherkin/Sherman; Hondras]; Cure [Linde; Witt]; No pain, pain-free [Cognitive Interviews]
  1. *For citations and additional information see Additional file 1: Appendix A & Additional file 1: Appendix B.