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Table 4 Fold-changes in the expression levels of cells upon different treatments

From: Palm kernel cake extract exerts hepatoprotective activity in heat-induced oxidative stress in chicken hepatocytes

Analysed Genes I II III IV S.E.M
TNF-like 1c 6.5a 3.1b 2.7b 0.23
IFN-γ 1c 4.4a 2.4b 2.3b 0.12
IL-1β 1c 5.3a 2.8b 2.5b 0.16
  1. I: Untreated cells.
  2. II: Heat-induced cells.
  3. III: Heat-induced cells + PKC extract (125 μg /ml).
  4. IV: Heat-induced cells + Silymarin (125 μg /ml).
  5. The expression level of each studied genes was normalized to β-actin and GAPDH.
  6. Means (n = 3) with different superscripts within row are significantly different (P < 0.05).