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Table 2 Changes in insulin sensitivity after GJ 200 feeding to SIIR rats

From: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor activating hypoglycemic effect of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis aqueous extract and improvement of insulin sensitivity in steroid induced insulin resistant rats

   0 min 30 min 60 min
SIIR GJ 200 Glucose (mg/dL) 150.54 ± 12.84 125.42 ± 7.59* 105.90 ± 0.61**
(mg/kg) Insulin (μU/mL) 178.92 ± 17.30 170.07 ± 17.41 165.77 ± 25.63
  ISI × 103 0.67 ± 0.01 0.85 ± 0.06* 1.05 ± 0.18*
  HOMA 7.23 ± 2.0 3.76 ± 0.72* 3.57 ± 0.45*
  1. GJ: Gardenia jasminoides; SIIR: steroid induced insulin resistant; ISI: insulin sensitivity index = 1/(log[fasting insulin μU/mL] + log[fasting glucose mg/dL]). Results are expressed as ISI × 103 in this experiment; HOMA: homeostasis model assessment = (fasting plasma insulin level [μU/mL] × fasting plasma glucose [mmol/L])/22.5. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.005 vs. 0 min, Student’s t-test, n = 6.