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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of subjects

From: A pilot controlled trial of a combination of dense cranial electroacupuncture stimulation and body acupuncture for post-stroke depression

Variables n-CEA (n = 20) DCEAS (n = 23) P valueb
Female, n (%) 13 (65.0) 14 (60.9) 0.780
Age (y)a 66.5 ± 11.9 66.7 ± 13.6 0.969
Having previous stroke, n (%) 2 (10.0) 6 (26.1) 0.250
Post-stroke duration (m)a 10.2 ± 14.9 7.7 ± 11.6 0.547
Duration of PSD onset (m)a 4.9 ± 12.0 4.7 ± 10.7 0.953
Having antidepressant treatment at study entry, n (%)c    0.222
Fluoxetine (FLX) 14 (70.0) 15 (65.2)  
Other antidepressant agentsd 5 (25.0) 3 (13.0)  
Previous acupuncture experience, n (%) 14 (70.0) 13 (56.5) 0.362
Baseline MMSEa 23.5 ± 4.4 24.8 ± 4.8 0.354
Baseline HAMD-17a 28.1 ± 7.0 25.8 ± 5.0 0.225
Baseline CGI-Sa 4.8 ± 0.8 4.9 ± 0.5 0.580
Baseline BIa 37.8 ± 10.7 37.7 ± 11.3 0.975
  1. aContinuous data are expressed as mean ± SD.
  2. bStudent t test and Fisher Exact test were used to detect between-group differences of continuous and categorical data, respectively.
  3. cDuration of antidepressant treatment largely varied from 10 days to 2 years.
  4. dOther antidepressants were sertraline, citalopram, escitalopram, mirtazapine and flupentixol + melitracen.
  5. BI Barthel Index, CGI-S Clinical Global Impression-Severity, DCEAS Dense Cranial Electroacupuncture Stimulation, HAMD-17 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, MMSE Mini-Mental Status Examination, n-CEA Non-invasive Cranial Electroacupuncture, PSD Post-stroke Depression.