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Table 2 Biochemical changes in rats after 14 days of acute oral administration of Control,Gelam honey (GH), Acacia honey (AH) and sucrose (S)

From: Effects of Gelam and Acacia honey acute administration on some biochemical parameters of Sprague Dawley rats

  Male Female
Control (GH) (AH) (S) Control (GH) (AH) (S)
Glucose (mmol/L) 11.36 ± 0.25 17.60 ± 0.42* 21.84 ± 0.33* 22.91 ± 0.42* 11.80 ± 0.76 12.62 ± 1.52 12.42 ± 0.55 12.70 ± 0.67*
Urea (mmol/L) 4.50 ± 0.50 6.16 ± 0.38* 7.52 ± 0.40* 8.16 ± 0.60* 5.40 ± 0.55 5.24 ± 0.44 5.61 ± 0.37 5.82 ± 0.27*
Creatinine 20.98 ± 0.81 41.83 ± 2.05* 52.00 ± 2.74* 60.44 ± 0.61* 38.00 ± 2.50 48.00 ± 2.74* 54.00 ± 5.48* 54.00 ± 5.47*
Cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.46 ± 0.01 1.63 ± 0.03* 1.59 ± 0.10* 1.77 ± 0.10* 3.58 ± 0.11 3.48 ± 0.07 3.63 ± 0.07 3.58 ± 0.06
TG (mmol/L) 1.42 ± 0.01 0.72 ± 0.02* 1.95 ± 0.16* 1.92 ± 0.01* 2.48 ± 0.18 1.46 ± 0.21* 2.22 ± 0.11* 2.66 ± 0.11*
AST (U/L) 108.76 ± 0.55 67.24 ± 2.76* 72.22 ± 0.23* 123.94 ± 0.90* 112.00 ± 4.47 108.00 ± 8.36 154.00 ± 5.48* 146.00 ± 6.52*
ALT (U/L) 41.86 ± 0.52 45.28 ± 0.33* 47.22 ± 0.45* 49.36 ± 0.23* 40.24 ± 0.45 65.00 ± 5.70* 68.00 ± 4.47* 55.00 ± 7.07*
  1. Results are reported as mean ± SEM (n = 5); ALT: alanine aminotransferase; AST: Aspartate Aminotransferase.
  2. *Significant different (p < 0.05) versus control.