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Table 3 Study variable scores over time, pre-treatment, post treatment and 3-month follow-up (n = 61)

From: Patient outcomes and experiences of an acupuncture and self-care service for persistent low back pain in the NHS: a mixed methods approach

  Pre-treatment Median (interquartile range) Post-treatment Median (interquartile range) 3-month FU Median (interquartile range) p-value†
EQ-5D - index (range -0.-.59-1 ↑ = worse) 0.19 (-0.02-0.69) 0.62* (0.32-0.73) 0.62* (0.08-0.74) 0.006
EQ-5D – VAS (range 0-100 ↑ = better) 60.0 (38.3-70.0) 61.0* (40.0-75.0) 60.0 (40.0-80.0) 0.074
PSEQ (range 0-60 ↑ = better) 34.0 (15.2-44.0) 39.0* (22.6-47.0) 37.0 (19.5-49.0) 0.286
Physical activity (range 0-10 ↑ = better) 5.0 (3.0-7.0) 6.0* (4.0-7.0) 6.0* (3.0-7.0) 0.047
Positive well-being scales (range 0-10 ↑ = better)
Understanding of pain 5.0 (3.0-7.0) 7.0* (4.0-8.0) 6.0* (3.5-8.0) <0.0001
Positivity 6.0 (3.0-8.0) 6.0* (4.0-8.25) 6.0 (4.0-8.0) 0.265
Hope 6.0 (4.3-8.0) 6.0 (4.0-8.0) 6.0 (4.0-8.0) 0.207
Ability to face up to health problems 6.0 (5.0-8.0) 7.0* (5.0-8.0) 6.0 (4.0-8.0) 0.779
Relaxation 5.0 (3.0-6.0) 6.0* (4.0-8.0) 5.0 (3.0-7.0) 0.012
  1. *Significantly different from pre-treatment (p ≤ 0.05).
  2. †p-value refers to Friedman Tests which measure change in scores over 3 points in time (pre-treatment, post treatment and 3-month follow-up).
  3. ↑Refers to higher scores.