Skip to main content

Table 2 BQ total and sub-scale scores over time, pre-treatment, post treatment and 3-month follow-up (n = 61)

From: Patient outcomes and experiences of an acupuncture and self-care service for persistent low back pain in the NHS: a mixed methods approach

  Pre-treatment Median (interquartile range) Post-treatment Median (interquartile range) 3-month FU Median (interquartile range) p-value†
BQ total score (range 0-70 ↑ = worse) 46.0 (35.0-53.0) 36.0* (23.5-46.0) 40.0* (25.5-51.0) <0.0001
BQ subscales (range 0-10 ↑ = worse)
Pain 8.0 (6.0-8.0) 6.0* (4.0-8.0) 6.0* (4.5-7.8) <0.0001
Interference with activities 6.0 (4.8-8.0) 5.0* (3.0-7.0) 5.0* (4.0-7.0) 0.023
Interference with social 6.0 (4.0-8.0) 4.0* (3.0-7.0) 6.0a (2.3-8.0) <0.0001
Anxiety 7.0 (5.0-8.0) 5.0* (3.0-7.0) 6.0* (2.0-7.0) 0.024
Depression 6.0 (4.0-8.0) 5.0* (2.5-7.0) 5.0 (3.0-7.0) 0.334
Effect on work 7.0 (4.0-8.0) 5.0* (3.0-7.0) 6.0 (4.0-8.0) 0.075
Coping 5.0 (4.0-7.0) 5.0a (3.0-6.0) 5.0 (4.0-7.0) 0.412
  1. *Significantly different from pre-treatment (p ≤ 0.05).
  2. a Approaching significantly different from pre-treatment (p = 0.051 to 0.099).
  3. †P-value refers to Friedman Tests which measure change in scores over 3 points in time (pre-treatment, post treatment and 3-month follow-up).
  4. ↑Refers to higher scores.