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Table 2 Multiple logistic regression analysis of factors related to HDS use in patients with CKD (n=421)

From: Prevalence of herbal and dietary supplement usage in Thai outpatients with chronic kidney disease: a cross-sectional survey

Factors Odds ratio 95% Confidence interval
Age   
  ≤ 60 1.00  
  > 60 0.84 0.52-1.36
Gender   
  Male 1.00  
  Female 0.77 0.47-1.29
Education   
  Less than secondary school 1.00  
  Secondary school 0.77 0.43-1.40
  Vocational degree 1.11 0.48-2.52
  Undergraduate degree 1.16 0.64-2.11
  Higher than undergraduate degree 0.88 0.33-2.36
Current address   
  Capital city 1.00  
  Rural address 1.38 0.90-2.12
Smoking status   
  Never smoked 1.00  
  Former smoker 1.57 0.85-2.89
  Current smoker 0.90 0.33-2.47
Alcohol consumption   
  Never 1.00  
  Former drinker 0.43 0.25-0.75
  Current drinker 0.52 0.20-1.33
Stages of CKD   
  3 1.00  
  4 1.02 0.64-1.64
  5 0.92 0.32-2.63
Prescribed, conventional medication adherence  
  Low 1.00  
  Medium 0.53 0.32-0.87
  High 0.68 0.39-1.20