Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Comparison of characteristics between HDS users and non-users (n=421)

From: Prevalence of herbal and dietary supplement usage in Thai outpatients with chronic kidney disease: a cross-sectional survey

Characteristics HDS user (n=189) Non user (n=232) χ 2 p-value
Age    0.334
  ≤ 60 62 (32.8%) 66 (28.4%)  
  > 60 127 (67.2%) 166 (71.6%)  
Gender    0.708
  Male 89 (47.1%) 105 (45.3%)  
  Female 100 (52.9%) 127 (54.7%)  
Education    0.862
  Less than secondary school 104 (55.3%) 130 (56.0%)  
  Secondary school 27 (14.4%) 40 (17.2%)  
  Vocational degree 14 (7.4%) 15 (6.5%)  
  Undergraduate degree 34 (18.1%) 35 (15.1%)  
  Higher than undergraduate degree 9 (4.8%) 12 (5.2%)  
Address    0.186
  Capital city 60 (31.7%) 88 (37.9%)  
  Rural areas 129 (68.3%) 144 (62.1%)  
Smoking status    0.812
  Never 122 (64.6%) 147 (63.4%)  
  Former 59 (31.2%) 72 (31.0%)  
  Current 8 (4.2%) 13 (5.6%)  
Alcoholic consumption    0.080
  Never 119 (63.3%) 121 (52.4%)  
  Former 60 (31.9%) 96 (41.5%)  
  Current 9 (4.8%) 14 (6.1%)  
Stages of CKD    0.936
  3 133 (70.4%) 164 (70.7%)  
  4 49 (25.9%) 58 (25.0%)  
  5 7 (3.7%) 10 (4.3%)  
Medication adherence**   0.015*
  Low 61 (32.3%) 47 (20.2%)  
  Medium 79 (41.8%) 122 (52.6%)  
  High 49 (25.9%) 63 (27.2%)  
  1. * Statistically significant at p < 0.05; ** Medication adherence was measured using the Thai version of 8-Item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale; Low, medium and high adherence was defined as MMAS < 6, 6 < MMAS < 8, MMAS = 8, respectively.