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P02.92. The effect of physical activity, obesity, and low vitamin D on all cause mortality in US adults

Purpose

To examine the effect of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (serum 25 (OH) D), body mass index and leisure time physical activity on all-cause mortality and determine the association between serum 25 (OH) D and leisure time physical activity among US adults.

Methods

We used data from 16,285 adults 20 years and older who participated in a home interview and a mobile examination of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994) that were linked to National Death Index mortality files up to 2006. Physical activity categories included: Inactive (less than 1/wk), Somewhat active (2-4 times/wk), and Active (5+/wk). Body mass index (BMI) included: Underweight (<18.5), Normal weight (18.5-24.9), Overweight (25-29.9), and Obese (30+). Serum 25(OH) D were divided into quartiles, and quartile 1 or low levels included those with values of ≤ 50 nmol/L. Cox proportional hazards were calculated using SAS and SUDAAN softwares to account for sampling weights of NHANES.

Results

In the final model we adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, smoking status, region of the country, and presence of chronic diseases plus the three variables of interest: physical activity, body mass index, and serum 25(OH)D. Low serum vitamin D was a significant predictor of all cause mortality independent of physical activity and obesity status; and while being physically active 5 or more times a week had a protective effect (RR=0.65, 95 CI=0.58,0.74), obesity was not significantly related (1.06, 95 CI=0.96-1.18) with all cause mortality.

Conclusion

We found that low Vitamin D and physical inactivity were independent risk factors for all-cause mortality whereas obesity was not an independent risk factor when adjusting for physical activity and serum Vitamin D levels. More research is needed to understand the role of adiposity in serum 25(OH)D metabolism.

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Correspondence to C Crespo.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Crespo, C., Escutia-Dominguez, G., Smit, E. et al. P02.92. The effect of physical activity, obesity, and low vitamin D on all cause mortality in US adults. BMC Complement Altern Med 12, P148 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6882-12-S1-P148

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Keywords

  • Physical Activity
  • Body Mass Index
  • Obesity
  • Independent Risk Factor
  • Physical Inactivity