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Table 4 Associations of socio-demographic and health status variables with use of complementary medicine (CM)* to treat/manage type-2 diabetes

From: Disease severity is associated with the use of complementary medicine to treat or manage type-2 diabetes: data from the 2002 and 2007 National Health Interview Survey

  UOR 95% CI AOR§ 95% CI
Age group     
Age 18–44 yrs Ref   Ref  
Age 45–64 yrs 0.89 .48-1.63 1.16 .56-2.37
Age 65+ yrs 0.52 .27-.99 0.76 .36-1.59
Race/ethnicity     
NH White Ref   Ref  
NH Black 0.69 .38-1.26 0.76 .39-1.46
Hispanic 1.71 1.05-2.81 1.39 .83-2.33
Other races 1.98 .83-4.72 1.49 .63-3.55
Region of residence     
Northeast 0.3 .14-.66 0.30 .14-.63
Midwest 0.34 .18-.65 0.32 .16-.62
South 0.41 .24-.68 0.40 .25-.65
West Ref   ref  
Other health conditions §     
0-2 Ref   ref  
3 or more 1.75 1.12-2.73 1.72 1.01-2.93
BMI Level     
BMI 0 - < 25 Ref   ref  
BMI 25 - < 30 1.91 .93-3.93 1.91 .91-4.02
BMI >= 30 2.63 1.38-5.02 2.32 1.12-4.81
Vigorous leisure activity     
Unable to do or none 0.58 .34-.98 0.68 .40-1.13
Any per week Ref   ref  
Perceived health status     
Fair/poor 0.56 .36-.86 0.52 .32-.84
Exc/VG/Good|| Ref   Ref  
Year of survey     
2002 NA   Ref  
2007 NA   0.66 .42-1.04
  1. * CM use, the dependent variable for this study, was defined as use of any of the following in the past 12 months: acupuncture, Ayurveda, biofeedback, chelation therapy, chiropractic care, chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation, energy healing therapy/Reiki, folk medicine, hypnosis, massage therapy, movement based therapies, naturopathy, herbal supplements and other non-vitamin/non-mineral dietary supplements (NVNMDS), homeopathic treatment, diet-based therapies, traditional healers, yoga, tai chi, qi gong, and relaxation techniques.
  2. † unadjusted or crude odds ratio.
  3. ‡ 95% confidence interval.
  4. § Adjusted Odds Ratio. The model controls for socio-demographic and health status variables significantly associated (p < 0.1) with the dependent variable in Table 2: race/ethnicity, region of residence, number of co-morbid conditions, BMI level, presence of coronary heart disease, the ability to perform vigorous leisure activity at least once per week and perceived health status, as well as for year of survey.
  5. || Excellent/Very Good/Good.