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Table 1 Liver cancer patient characteristics during the period 1996–2007

From: Utilization pattern of traditional Chinese medicine for liver cancer patients in Taiwan

Characteristic TCM Nonusers TCM Users AdjustedaOR 95% CI
Total % Total %
Patient no. 5118   1240    
Age 59.65 ± 12.30 57.95 ± 11.46   
<50 (reference) 1315 25.69 343 27.66 1.00  
50s 1283 25.07 383 30.89 1.15 0.97-1.37
60s 1274 24.89 275 22.18 0.84 0.69-1.02
> = 70s 1246 24.35 239 19.27 0.79 0.64-0.97
Gender       
Female (reference) 1957 38.24 631 50.89 1.00  
Male 3161 61.76 609 49.11 0.60 0.52-0.68
Insured amount (NT$/month)       
<20,000 (reference) 3491 68.21 815 65.73 1.00  
20,000-39,999 964 18.84 245 19.76 0.92 0.77-1.11
40,000-59,999 459 8.97 121 9.76 1.01 0.78-1.30
> = 60,000 204 3.99 59 4.76 1.21 0.87-1.70
Urban Level       
1 (reference) 1456 29.19 348 28.74 1.00  
2 1461 29.29 358 29.56 0.91 0.75-1.10
3 708 14.19 187 15.44 0.91 0.71-1.15
4 817 16.38 201 16.6 0.85 0.66-1.08
> = 5 546 10.95 117 9.67 0.80 0.58-1.08
Residential Area       
Northern (reference) 667 13.03 149 12.02 1.00  
Taipei 1923 37.57 383 30.89 0.75 0.58-0.96
Central 709 13.85 306 24.68 1.99 1.56-2.54
Southern 931 18.19 215 17.34 1.12 0.86-1.44
Eastern 89 1.74 28 2.26 1.40 0.83-2.36
Kao-Ping 783 15.3 153 12.34 0.91 0.69-1.18
Insured unit       
Government, school employees (reference) 530 10.93 158 13.4 1.00  
Private enterprise employees 1390 28.68 361 30.62 0.92 0.73-1.15
Member of occupational 960 19.81 271 22.99 0.99 0.77-1.27
Farmers, fishermen 1215 25.07 246 20.87 0.71 0.54-0.94
Low-income households Veterans, other regional 752 15.51 143 12.13 0.80 0.60-1.07
  1. TCM: traditional Chinese Medicine; OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval.
  2. a: Adjusted ORs were from the model considering age, gender, insured amount, residential area, and insured unit.