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Figure 4 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Figure 4

From: Curcumin activates the p38MPAK-HSP25 pathway in vitro but fails to attenuate diabetic nephropathy in DBA2J mice despite urinary clearance documented by HPLC

Figure 4

Urinary curcuminoid excretion in noDM and DM mice fed with curcumin versus control chow. Curcumin metabolites were measured by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) as a measure of bioavailability in a timed urine collection. (a) Total urinary curcuminoids in nmol and (b) Urinary curcumin/creatinine in nmol/mg. All data are log-transformed (log10). *P < 0.05; #P < 0.01.

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