Skip to main content

Table 3 Beliefs about cause of hypertension by use of CAM

From: Complementary and alternative medicine in the management of hypertension in an urban Nigerian community

Perceived Cause Response % Those using CAM (N = 128) % Those not using CAM (N = 312) P* P for Yes vs. "other"
Being born with HTN Yes 17.2 9.9 0.066 0.034
  No 67.2 68.9   
  Don't know 15.6 21.2   
Being fat Yes 20.3 23.4 0.168 0.482
  No 63.3 53.9   
  Don't know 16.4 22.8   
Stress Yes 92.2 93.3 0.197 0.687
  No 6.3 3.2   
  Don't know 1.6 3.5   
Eating too much salt Yes 18.0 17.6 0.004** 0.932
  No 64.1 49.4   
  Don't know 18.0 33.0   
Anxiety Yes 94.5 94.6 0.997 0.993
  No 2.3 2.2   
  Don't know 3.1 3.2   
Unhappiness Yes 89.1 90.1 0.478 0.753
  No 6.3 3.9   
  Don't know 4.7 6.1   
Pregnancy Yes 14.1 19.9 0.346 0.151
  No 41.4 39.7   
  Don't know 44.5 40.4   
Supernatural causes Yes 21.1 10.6 0.013** 0.004
  No 45.3 49.4   
  Don't know 33.6 40.1   
Bad luck Yes 15.6 12.2 0.466 0.332
  No 50.8 49.0   
  Don't know 33.6 38.8   
  1. *p value for chi-square test (3 × 2 contigency tables)
  2. **P < 0.05