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  1. The efficacy of natural products (NPs) is being evaluated using randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with increasing frequency, yet a search of the literature did not identify a widely accepted critical apprais...

    Authors: Tannis Jurgens, Anne Marie Whelan, Melissa MacDonald and Lindsay Lord

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:11

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is widely used throughout the UK and the Western world. CAM is commonly used for children and the decision-making process to use CAM is affected by numerous factors...

    Authors: Ava Lorenc, Yael Ilan-Clarke, Nicola Robinson and Mitch Blair

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:9

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Considerable interest has been aroused in recent years by the well-known notion that biological systems are sensitive to visible light. With clinical applications of visible radiation in the far-red to near-in...

    Authors: Alessandro Giuliani, Luca Lorenzini, Michele Gallamini, Alessandro Massella, Luciana Giardino and Laura Calzà

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:8

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Recent years have witnessed that there is a revival of interest in drug discovery from medicinal plants for the maintenance of health in all parts of the world. The aim of this work was to investigate 26 plant...

    Authors: Ramzi A Mothana, Ulrike Lindequist, Renate Gruenert and Patrick J Bednarski

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:7

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Originating from Africa, India, and the Middle East, frankincense oil has been important both socially and economically as an ingredient in incense and perfumes for thousands of years. Frankincense oil is prep...

    Authors: Mark Barton Frank, Qing Yang, Jeanette Osban, Joseph T Azzarello, Marcia R Saban, Ricardo Saban, Richard A Ashley, Jan C Welter, Kar-Ming Fung and Hsueh-Kung Lin

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:6

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The aim of this study was to review evaluations and audits of primary care complementary therapy services to determine the impact of these services on improving health outcomes and reducing NHS costs. Our inte...

    Authors: Lesley Wye, Deborah Sharp and Alison Shaw

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:5

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Bee products (including propolis, royal jelly, and bee pollen) are popular, traditional health foods. We compared antioxidant effects among water and ethanol extracts of Brazilian green propolis (WEP or EEP), ...

    Authors: Yoshimi Nakajima, Kazuhiro Tsuruma, Masamitsu Shimazawa, Satoshi Mishima and Hideaki Hara

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:4

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Alternative treatments are commonly used for various disorders and often taken on-demand. On-demand treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with pharmaceutical products is an established, cost-effe...

    Authors: Per G Farup, Mathis Heibert and Victor Høeg

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:3

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Several in vitro studies have looked at the effect of medicinal plant extracts against Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). Regardless of the popular use of Byrsonima crassa (B. crassa) as antiemetic, diuretic, febri...

    Authors: Cibele Bonacorsi, Maria Stella G Raddi, Iracilda Z Carlos, Miriam Sannomiya and Wagner Vilegas

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:2

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Estimating a realistic effect size is an important issue in the planning of clinical studies of complementary and alternative medicine therapies. When a minimally important difference is not available, researc...

    Authors: Michael F Johnston, Ron D Hays and Ka-Kit Hui

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:1

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is on the increase globally with a high prevalence in children and adults with chronic illnesses. Many studies have evaluated the epidemiology of medicin...

    Authors: Kazeem A Oshikoya, Idowu O Senbanjo, Olisamedua F Njokanma and Ayo Soipe

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:66

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Punica granatum L. or pomegranates, have been reported to have antimicrobial activity against a range of Gram positive and negative bacteria. Pomegranate formulations containing ferrous salts have enhanced altho...

    Authors: Erin M McCarrell, Simon WJ Gould, Mark D Fielder, Alison F Kelly, Waffa El Sankary and Declan P Naughton

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:64

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Many diseases are associated with oxidative stress caused by free radicals. Current research is directed towards finding naturally-occurring antioxidants of plant origin. The aim of the present study was to ev...

    Authors: Bibhabasu Hazra, Santanu Biswas and Nripendranath Mandal

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:63

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Mosquitoes are associated with the transmission of malaria, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, filariasis and other viral diseases throughout the globe, apart from being a nuisance pest. Biological control alone o...

    Authors: Nandita Chowdhury, Subrata Laskar and Goutam Chandra

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:62

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Anthroposophic medicine offers a variety of treatments, among others the oil-dispersion bath, developed in the 1930s by Werner Junge. Based on the phenomenon that oil and water do not mix and on recommendation...

    Authors: Arndt Büssing, Dirk Cysarz, Friedrich Edelhäuser, Gudrun Bornhöft, Peter F Matthiessen and Thomas Ostermann

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:61

    Content type: Research article

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  16. There is ethnopharmacological evidence that Petiveria alliacea can have antitumor activity; however, the mechanism of its cytotoxic activity is not well understood. We assessed multiple in vitro biological activi...

    Authors: Claudia Urueña, Claudia Cifuentes, Diana Castañeda, Amparo Arango, Punit Kaur, Alexzander Asea and Susana Fiorentino

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:60

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Osteoclasts (OCs) are involved in rheumatoid arthritis and in several pathologies associated with bone loss. Recent results support the concept that some medicinal plants and derived natural products are of gr...

    Authors: Letizia Penolazzi, Ilaria Lampronti, Monica Borgatti, Mahmud Tareq Hassan Khan, Margherita Zennaro, Roberta Piva and Roberto Gambari

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:59

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), a complementary and alternative medical system in Western countries, has been used to treat various diseases over thousands of years in East Asian countries. In recent years...

    Authors: Yu-Ching Fang, Hsuan-Cheng Huang, Hsin-Hsi Chen and Hsueh-Fen Juan

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:58

    Content type: Database

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  19. The leaves and the fruits from Syzygium jambolanum DC.(Myrtaceae), a plant known in Brazil as sweet olive or 'jambolão', have been used by native people to treat infectious diseases, diabetes, and stomachache. Si...

    Authors: Márcia CG Maciel, Jardel C Farias, Michele J Maluf, Eliane A Gomes, Paulo VS Pereira, Walmir C Aragão-Filho, Josias B Frazão, Graciomar C Costa, Sanara M Sousa, Lucilene A Silva, Flávia MM Amaral, Momtchilo Russo, Rosane NM Guerra and Flávia RF Nascimento

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:57

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Recurrent otitis media is a common problem in young children. Echinacea and osteopathic manipulative treatment have been proposed as preventive measures, but have been inadequately studied. This study was desi...

    Authors: Richard A Wahl, Michael B Aldous, Katherine A Worden and Kathryn L Grant

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:56

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Among the naturally occurring compounds, turmeric from the dried rhizome of the plant Curcuma longa has long been used extensively as a condiment and a household remedy all over Southeast Asia. Turmeric contains ...

    Authors: Preeti Dohare, Puja Garg, Uma sharma, NR Jagannathan and Madhur Ray

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:55

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Acokanthera oppositifolia Lam (family: Apocynaceae) is a shrub or small tree with white latex, and the leaves of this plant are used in the form of a snuff to treat headaches and in infusions for abdominal pains...

    Authors: Adeolu A Adedapo, Florence O Jimoh, Anthony J Afolayan and Patrick J Masika

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:54

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In South Africa, Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth is used to destroy lice and to relieve itches, to destroy maggots and to treat allergic rashes, particularly those caused by caterpillars. Antioxidants play an import...

    Authors: Adeolu A Adedapo, Florence O Jimoh, Srinivas Koduru, Anthony J Afolayan and Patrick J Masika

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:53

    Content type: Research article

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  24. This study is part of a nationwide evaluation of complementary medicine in Switzerland (Programme Evaluation of Complementary Medicine PEK) and was funded by the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health. The main...

    Authors: Florica Marian, Kerstin Joost, Krishan D Saini, Klaus von Ammon, André Thurneysen and André Busato

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:52

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Soft tissue injury imposes major public health burdens worldwide. The positive effect of China's Tibetan medicine and the Lamiophlomis rotata-based herbal Pain Relieving Plaster (PRP) on healing closed soft tissu...

    Authors: Yong-Zhi Wang, Chun-Yu Guo, Hong-Gang Zhong, Wan-Nian Zhang, De-Long Wang, Xuan Wang and Fu-Hui Dong

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:51

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is prevalent among HIV-infected patients to reduce the toxicity of antiretroviral therapy. Ginseng has been used for treatment of hyperglycemia and insulin resi...

    Authors: Adriana SA Andrade, Craig Hendrix, Teresa L Parsons, Benjamin Caballero, Chun-Su Yuan, Charles W Flexner, Adrian S Dobs and Todd T Brown

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:50

    Content type: Research article

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  27. We previously hypothesized that achievement of recovery of brain function after the injury requires the reconstruction of neuronal networks, including neurite regeneration and synapse reformation. Kihi-to is c...

    Authors: Chihiro Tohda, Rie Naito and Eri Joyashiki

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:49

    Content type: Research article

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  28. While the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among cancer patients is common and widespread, levels of commitment to CAM vary. "Committed" CAM use is important to investigate, as it may be ass...

    Authors: Johanna Hök, Carol Tishelman, Alexander Ploner, Anette Forss and Torkel Falkenberg

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:48

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Coronary heart disease patients have to learn to manage their condition to maximise quality of life and prevent recurrence or deterioration. They may develop their own informal methods of self-management in ad...

    Authors: Sheila Greenfield, Helen Pattison and Kate Jolly

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:47

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Functional Bowel Disorders (FBD) are chronic disorders that are difficult to treat and manage. Many patients and doctors are dissatisfied with the level of improvement in symptoms that can be achieved with sta...

    Authors: Miranda AL van Tilburg, Olafur S Palsson, Rona L Levy, Andrew D Feld, Marsha J Turner, Douglas A Drossman and William E Whitehead

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:46

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Evidence-based practice (EBP) has become an important competency in many allied and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) health care practitioners' professional standards of proficiency.

    Authors: Julie Hadley, Ismail Hassan and Khalid S Khan

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:45

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The use of animal products in healing is an ancient and widespread cross-cultural practice. In northeastern Brazil, especially in the semi-arid region, animals and plants are widely used in traditional medicin...

    Authors: Rômulo RN Alves, Helenice N Lima, Marília C Tavares, Wedson MS Souto, Raynner RD Barboza and Alexandre Vasconcellos

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:44

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has become more common in Western developed countries in recent years, as has media reporting on CAM and related issues. Correspondingly, media reports a...

    Authors: Laura C Weeks and Tina Strudsholm

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:43

    Content type: Research article

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  34. St. John's wort (SJW), used to treat depression, is popular in the USA, Canada, and parts of Europe. However, there are documented interactions between SJW and prescription medications including warfarin, cycl...

    Authors: Kevin A Clauson, Marile L Santamarina and Jennifer C Rutledge

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:42

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Honey has been shown to have wound healing properties which can be ascribed to its antimicrobial activity. The antimicrobial activity can be effective against a broad spectrum of bacterial species especially t...

    Authors: Nicolaas J Basson and Sias R Grobler

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:41

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Natural health products (NHPs) such as herbs, vitamins and homeopathic medicines, are currently available for sale in most Canadian pharmacies. However, most pharmacists report that they have limited knowledge...

    Authors: Della Kwan, Heather S Boon, Kristine Hirschkorn, Sandy Welsh, Tannis Jurgens, Lynda Eccott, Shirley Heschuk, Glenn G Griener and Jillian C Cohen-Kohler

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:40

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Tong-Xin-Luo (TXL) – a mixture of herbal extracts, has been used in Chinese medicine with established therapeutic efficacy in patients with coronary artery disease.

    Authors: Lin Zhang, Yiling Wu, Zhenhua Jia, Yun Zhang, Hu Ying Shen and Xing Li Wang

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:39

    Content type: Research article

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  38. For many years chemical preservatives have been used in food, to act as either antimicrobials or antioxidants or both. In general, consumers regard additive-free foods as safer since preservatives can cause he...

    Authors: Kasi Pandima Devi, Natarajan Suganthy, Periyanaina Kesika and Shanmugaiahthevar Karutha Pandian

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:38

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Clinical studies suggest that acupuncture can stimulate saliva production and reduce xerostomia (dry mouth). We were interested in exploring the neuronal substrates involved in such responses.

    Authors: Gary Deng, Bob L Hou, Andrei I Holodny and Barrie R Cassileth

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:37

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Uncomplicated chronic rachialgia is a highly prevalent complaint, and one for which therapeutic results are contradictory. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of treatment ...

    Authors: Jorge Vas, Inmaculada Aguilar, M Ángeles Campos, Camila Méndez, Emilio Perea-Milla, Manuela Modesto, Paloma Caro, Francisco Martos and Antonio J García-Ruiz

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:36

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. In the U.S., complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is most prevalent among reproductive age, educated women. We sought to determine general attitudes and approaches to CAM among obstetric and gyneco...

    Authors: Mandi L Furlow, Divya A Patel, Ananda Sen and J Rebecca Liu

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:35

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Previous publications indicate that acupuncture is efficient for the treatment of pelvic girdle pain, PGP, in pregnant women. However, the use of acupuncture for PGP is rare due to insufficient documentation o...

    Authors: Helen Elden, Hans-Christian Ostgaard, Monika Fagevik-Olsen, Lars Ladfors and Henrik Hagberg

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:34

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The main objective of this study was to assess and compare patient satisfaction with Neural Therapy (NT) and conventional medicine (COM) in primary care for musculoskeletal diseases.

    Authors: Joelle Mermod, Lorenz Fischer, Lukas Staub and André Busato

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:33

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Integrative medicine (blending the best of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) with conventional medicine) is becoming increasingly popular.

    Authors: Heather S Boon and Natasha Kachan

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:32

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Research into health and health-care seeking behaviour amongst immigrant populations suggests that culturally-based behaviours change over time towards those prevalent in the host culture. Such acculturation o...

    Authors: Kofi B Barimah and Edwin R van Teijlingen

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:30

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Venous leg ulcers constitute a chronic recurring complaint that affects 1.0–1.3% of the adult population at some time in life, and which corresponds to approximately 75% of all chronic ulcers of the leg. Multi...

    Authors: Jorge Vas, Manuela Modesto, Camila Mendez, Emilio Perea-Milla, Inmaculada Aguilar, Jesus Manuel Carrasco-Lozano, Vicente Faus and Francisco Martos

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:29

    Content type: Study protocol

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  47. Migraine affects approximately 20% of the population. Conventional care for migraine is suboptimal; overuse of medications for the treatment of episodic migraines is a risk factor for developing chronic daily ...

    Authors: John D Mann, Keturah R Faurot, Laurel Wilkinson, Peter Curtis, Remy R Coeytaux, Chirayath Suchindran and Susan A Gaylord

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:28

    Content type: Study protocol

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