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Table 1 Basic characteristics and homogeneity of children

From: Evaluation of the effectiveness of the standard traditional Korean medicine-based health promotion program for disadvantaged children in South Korea

  Pre-survey (n = 302) Post-survey (n = 214)
Intervention group (n = 155) Control group (n = 147) p-value1 Intervention group (n = 115) Control group (n = 99) p-value1
Sex
 Male 49.00% 47.60% 0.81 52.20% 47.50% 0.49
 Female 51.00% 52.40% 47.80% 52.50%
Age
 Mean(SD) 10.45(1.60) 10.50(1.72) 0.76 10.41(1.67) 10.37(1.74) 0.88
 ≥10 years 69.00% 70.10% 0.85 66.10% 66.70% 0.93
 <10 years 31.00% 29.90% 33.90% 33.30%
Having sibling(s)
 Yes 85.50% 87.40% 0.64 86.70% 86.60% 0.98
 No 14.50% 12.60% 13.30% 13.40%
Main caregiver
 Mother 74.70% 72.80% 0.71 75.70% 71.70% 0.51
 Others 25.30% 27.20% 24.30% 28.30%
Family type
 Two parents 78.90% 68.00% 0.03* 80.50% 70.70% 0.09
 Others 21.10% 32.00% 19.50% 29.30%
Insurance type
 NHI 86.10% 84.20% 0.65 84.00% 85.10% 0.82
 Not NHI 13.90% 15.80% 16.00% 14.90%
Household income
 ≥3000$ 32.00% 32.60% 0.91 30.30% 36.20% 0.37
 <3000$ 68.00% 67.40% 69.70% 63.80%
Paternal education level
 Bachelor’s degree or above 54.20% 59.80% 0.36 51.60% 56.30% 0.52
 High school or less 45.80% 40.20% 48.40% 43.70%
Maternal education level
 Bachelor’s degree or above 54.70% 50.40% 0.49 54.40% 40.30% 0.06
 High school or less 45.30% 49.60% 45.60% 59.70%
Paternal employment
 Yes 95.40% 95.20% 0.94 93.80% 95.30% 0.64
 No 4.60% 4.80% 6.20% 4.70%
Maternal employment
 Yes 68.60% 69.10% 0.93 71.20% 68.30% 0.67
 No 31.40% 30.90% 28.80% 31.70%
Having past medical history
 Yes 54.80% 43.50% 0.05 56.50% 40.40% 0.02*
 No 45.20% 56.50% 43.50% 59.60%
Having present illness
 Yes 25.80% 19.00% 0.16 31.30% 19.20% 0.04*
 No 74.20% 81.00% 68.70% 80.80%
  1. Abbreviations: NHI National Health Insurance, SD Standard deviation
  2. *p < 0.05, statistically significant
  3. 1This column presents p-values of chi-square tests for binomial variables and independent t-tests for continuous variables