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Table 3 Main indication of most recent outpatient visit (N = 37,852)

From: Utilization of complementary and traditional medicine practitioners among middle-aged and older adults in India: results of a national survey in 2017–2018

Main indication for most recent outpatient visit Biomedical (N = 33,615) AYUSH
(N = 2120)
Traditional healer (N = 2117) AYUSH and/or traditional healer (N = 4237)
% % % %
Fever/pyrexia of unknown cause 27.2 33.1 42.1 37.6
Chronic pain in your joints/arthritis/rheumatism/osteoporosis (joints, back, neck, muscle) 13.9 19.7 15.7 17.7
Generalized pain (stomach, headache, migraine, or other nonspecific pain) 10.0 13.7 11.8 12.7
High blood pressure (hypertension) 9.3 4.3 4.9 4.6
Problems with your breathing 3.5 3.5 2.2 2.9
Gastroenteritis or other diarrheal illness 2.9 3.2 2.1 2.6
Problems with your mouth/teeth/gum/lips/swallowing/throat 3.1 2.1 2.5 2.3
Skin diseases 2.0 2.9 1.5 2.2
Gastritis/acidity 1.6 1.6 2.3 2.0
Injury/accident (non-occupational) 2.7 1.6 2.3 1.9
Liver diseases (hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, cirrhosis) 1.1 1.2 2.0 1.6
Diabetes or related complications 6.6 1.8 0.9 1.3
Malaria 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2
Depression or anxiety/tension/sleep problem 0.9 1.2 0.8 1.0
Other 14.0 9.2 7.7 8.4