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Table.3 Multiple logistic regression analyses of factors associated with the use of complementary therapies and the top five most popular complementary therapies among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

From: Factors associated with the use of complementary therapies in Taiwanese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a cross-sectional study

Variable Regular use of complementary therapies Fitness walking/strolling Buddhist prayer/attending temple Vitamin consumption Calcium supplementation Fish oil supplementation
AOR (95% CI) p AOR (95% CI) p AOR (95% CI) p AOR (95% CI) p AOR (95% CI) p AOR (95% CI) p
Age interval (years)
 20–39 1     1   1      
  ≥ 40 2.76 (1.24–6.15) 0.013    3.47 (1.90–6.34) < 0.001 2.14 (1.22–3.77) 0.008     
Body mass index
 Normal weight 1            
 Underweight 1.15 (0.36–3.64) 0.810           
 Overweight or obesity 0.29 (0.13–0.70) 0.004           
Educational level
 High school or below        1     1  
 College and above        2.63 (1.51–4.57) 0.001    1.93 (1.11–3.35) 0.020
Employment status
 Employed    1          
 Unemployed    2.22 (1.26–3.93) 0.006         
Self-report health status
 Healthy        1      
 Not healthy or average        2.01 (1.12–3.62) 0.020     
Disease duration, years
  < 10 years        1      
  ≥ 10 years        2.04 (1.20–3.49) 0.009     
Alcohol use
 Yes      1        
 No      2.39 (1.16–4.92) 0.018       
Smoking
 Yes    1          
 No    3.98 (1.22–12.94) 0.022         
Vigorous exercise in the past year
 Never 1   1   1     1    
 Yes 4.62 (1.75–12.18) 0.002 16.74 (5.16–54.29) < 0.001 2.49 (1.09–5.70) 0.031    3.49 (1.16–10.54) 0.027   
Sleep duration/day, hours
  ≥ 8            1  
  ≤ 7            0.51 (0.27–0.94) 0.032
SLEDAI-2 K 0.90 (0.83–0.99) 0.029 0.92 (0.86–0.98) 0.014         
Domain of LupusQoL mean (SD)
 Physical health 0.57 (0.41–0.80) 0.001 0.76 (0.64–0.91) 0.003         
 Fatigue    1.15 (1.01–1.31) 0.034         
 Intimate relationships          0.86 (0.79–0.93) < 0.001   
 Burden to others      0.87 (0.79–0.96) 0.004       
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, SLEDAI-2 K Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 
  2. The score of LupusQoL was multiplied by 10 in the regression analysis, and therefore, the odds ratio was per 10-point change in LupusQoL