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Table.2 Univariate logistic regression analyses of factors associated with the use of the top five most popular complementary therapies among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

From: Factors associated with the use of complementary therapies in Taiwanese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a cross-sectional study

Variable Fitness walking/strolling Buddhist prayer/attending temple Vitamin consumption Calcium supplementation Fish oil supplementation
% use Odds ratio p % use Odds ratio p % use Odds ratio p % use Odds ratio p % use Odds ratio p
Sex
 Male 32.4 1   32.4 1   23.5 1   14.7 1   11.8 1  
 Female 37.5 1.26 0.552 37.2 1.24 0.576 31.9 1.52 0.321 24.6 1.89 0.203 19.6 1.82 0.275
Age interval (years)
 20–39 25.0 1   25.0 1   25.7 1   13.6 1   19.3 1  
  ≥ 40 45.0 2.46 < 0.001 44.5 2.41 < 0.001 34.6 1.53 0.079 30.3 2.77 < 0.001 18.5 0.95 0.851
Body mass index
 Normal weight 37.0 1   34.8 1   31.5 1   23.4 1   22.8 1  
 Underweight 37.5 1.02 0.945 41.7 1.34 0.378 35.4 1.19 0.608 29.2 1.35 0.407 16.7 0.68 0.358
 Overweight or obesity 37.0 1.00 0.997 37.8 1.14 0.591 28.6 0.87 0.586 21.8 0.92 0.758 13.4 0.52 0.045
Educational level
 High school or below 40.1 1   42.9 1   27.7 1   26.6 1   14.1 1  
 College or above 33.9 0.77 0.229 30.5 0.58 0.016 34.5 1.38 0.169 20.7 0.72 0.197 23.6 1.87 0.025
Marital status
 Single 29.7 1   28.8 1   30.5 1   16.1 1   16.9 1  
 Married, widowed, or divorced 40.8 1.63 0.043 40.8 1.70 0.029 31.3 1.04 0.875 27.5 1.97 0.019 19.7 1.20 0.527
Job change related to SLE
 No 37.1 1   38.3 1   29.4 1   21.8 1   20.2 1  
 Yes 36.9 0.99 0.971 33.0 0.79 0.349 35.0 1.29 0.310 28.2 1.41 0.201 15.5 0.73 0.314
Employment status
 Employed 30.2 1   35.6 1   30.2 1   19.4 1   21.6 1  
 Unemployed 48.8 2.21 0.001 38.8 1.15 0.552 32.6 1.12 0.643 31.0 1.87 0.014 14.0 0.59 0.078
Self-report health status
 Healthy 34.8 1   32.6 1   22.8 1   16.3 1   26.1 1  
 Not healthy or average 37.8 1.14 0.602 38.2 1.28 0.338 34.0 1.74 0.049 26.3 1.83 0.056 16.2 0.55 0.039
Disease duration, years
  < 10 29.4 1   30.2 1   22.2 1   16.7 1   16.7 1  
  ≥ 10 41.3 1.70 0.027 40.4 1.57 0.056 36.0 1.97 0.008 27.6 1.90 0.023 20.0 1.25 0.444
Age at diagnosis, years
 0–29 28.5 1   30.6 1   32.3 1   21.5 1   22.6 1  
  ≥ 30 46.7 2.20 < 0.001 43.6 1.75 0.012 29.7 0.89 0.605 26.1 1.29 0.317 14.5 0.58 0.056
Alcohol use
 Yes 29.6 1   21.0 1   29.6 1   17.3 1   23.5 1  
 No 39.3 1.54 0.117 41.5 2.67 0.001 31.5 1.09 0.752 25.6 1.64 0.127 17.4 0.69 0.223
Smoking
 Yes 11.8 1   23.5 1   20.6 1   8.8 1   8.8 1  
 No 39.7 4.95 0.003 38.2 2.01 0.098 32.2 1.83 0.170 25.2 3.49 0.043 19.9 2.56 0.130
Vigorous exercise in the past year
 Never 6.7 1   21.7 1   31.7 1   13.3 1   10.0 1  
 Yes 43.3 10.69 < 0.001 39.9 2.40 0.009 30.9 0.97 0.910 25.8 2.26 0.043 20.6 2.34 0.061
Sleep duration/day, hours
  ≥ 8 26.1 1   29.0 1   36.2 1   23.2 1   16.7 1  
  ≤ 7 39.7 1.87 0.037 38.7 1.54 0.137 29.8 0.75 0.301 23.8 1.03 0.920 27.5 0.53 0.040
Sleeping medication use
 No 37.2 1   35.6 1   27.3 1   22.5 1   18.6 1  
 Yes 36.7 0.98 0.942 39.8 1.20 0.462 40.8 1.84 0.015 26.5 1.24 0.429 19.4 1.05 0.862
SLEDAI-2 K   0.92 0.003   0.98 0.529   0.96 0.125   1.01 0.789   1.02 0.479
Domain of LupusQoL
 Physical health   0.90 0.052   0.87 0.011   0.89 0.045   0.85 0.005   1.14 0.108
 Emotional health   1.04 0.498   0.97 0.641   1.01 0.895   0.94 0.336   0.99 0.841
 Body image   1.04 0.474   0.97 0.472   0.98 0.756   0.99 0.890   1.01 0.885
 Pain   1.00 0.921   0.92 0.056   0.99 0.895   0.94 0.132   1.07 0.257
 Planning   1.02 0.709   0.94 0.175   0.97 0.448   0.92 0.062   1.08 0.217
 Fatigue   1.06 0.194   0.96 0.342   0.93 0.134   0.98 0.706   0.99 0.815
 Intimate relationships   0.96 0.220   0.89 0.002   0.99 0.753   0.87 < 0.001   1.03 0.560
 Burden to others   1.00 0.987   0.90 0.006   0.98 0.506   0.98 0.543   0.97 0.437
  1. SLE systemic lupus erythematosus, SLEDAI-2 K Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000
  2. The score of LupusQoL was multiplied by 10 in the regression analysis, and therefore, the odds ratio was per 10-point change in LupusQoL