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Table 6 Most frequently used plants (n = 47) for different ailments with their fidelity level (FL)

From: Traditional medicinal knowledge and practices among the tribal communities of Thakht-e-Sulaiman Hills, Pakistan

Species Disease Specific use reports Total use reports FL (%)
Euphorbia prolifera Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don (127159)
Euphorbiaceae
‘Voice infection’ 42 42 100
Valeriana jatamansi Jones (127214)
Caprifoliaceae
Diarrhea 21 21 100
Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers. (127249)
Lauraceae
Jaundice 18 18 100
Viburnum cotinifolium D. Don (127210)
Adoxaceae
Constipation 11 11 100
Teucrium stocksianum Boiss. (127267)
Lamiaceae
Malaria 46 47 97.8
Mentha longifolia (L.) L. (127209)
Lamiaceae
Stomach problems and diarrhea 26 28 92.8
Berberis calliobotrys Bien. ex Koehne (127222)
Berberidaceae
Musculoskeletal 24 27 88.9
Ephedra gerardiana Wall. ex Stapf. (127150)
Ephedraceae
Stomachache 39 44 88.6
Olea ferruginea Wall. ex Aitch. (127151)
Oleaceae
Constipation 28 32 87.5
Withania coagulans (Stocks) Dunal (127195)
Solanaceae
Abdominal pain, stomachache, abdominal gasses 27 32 84.4
Acacia modesta Wall. (127146)
Fabaceae
Musculoskeletal 11 14 78.6
Prunus brahuica (Boiss.) Aitch. & Hemsl. (127160)
Rosaceae
Snake repellent 14 20 70
Pinus wallichiana A.B.Jacks. (127213)
Pinaceae
Musculoskeletal 22 34 64
Calotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand. (127228)
Apocynaceae
‘Voice infection’ 16 25 64
Curcuma longa L. (127235)
Zingiberaceae
Musculoskeletal 8 16 50
Curcuma longa L. (127235)
Zingiberaceae
Jaundice 8 16 50
Calotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand. (127228)
Apocynaceae
Wounds and abscesses 9 25 36
Pinus gerardiana Wall. ex D. Don (127203)
Pinaceae
‘Voice infection’ 10 30 33
Caralluma tuberculata N.E. Br. (127133)
Apocynaceae
Diabetes 12 37 32
Pinus gerardiana Wall. ex D. Don (127203)
Pinaceae
Wound healing 9 30 30