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Table 3 Other animal and mineral remedies

From: Traditional medicinal knowledge and practices among the tribal communities of Thakht-e-Sulaiman Hills, Pakistan

Species/ Entity Common name/Local name (in Pashtu language) Habit Status Disease category Parts Used Use URs
(Informants)
Gold Gold/ Sra zer Mineral Precious metal, wear by women taken from market Ritual Gold Gold is used directly or put in water for some time and that water is mixed with flour to make dough which is wrapped in cloth and fastened around (Plate 1; E) or near the infected organ against ‘voice infection’. It is commonly used after the circumcision of male child against ‘voice infection’. 41 (41)
Gallus gallus domesticus Chicken egg/ agayi Bird Domestic Musculoskeletal Egg It is taken directly or in half boiled condition for bone healings. Sometimes curcuma longa rhizome powder is mixed with it. 33 (33)
mineral-pitch or mineral-wax mineral-wax/ Salajeeth Mineral Secreted from rock cracks and locally collected Musculoskeletal Mineral-wax It is sticky tar-like substance of brown color which is secreted from rocks called mineral-pitch or mineral-wax. It is eaten directly but sometimes taken with milk against musculoskeletal ailments. 28 (28)
Brass coin Brass coin/ Sorvay paysa) Alloy Previous currency rarely available in homes Ritual Brass coin It is one cent of 1950s–60s Pakistani currency. A hole is made in the mid of it and fiber is passed though it which is then fasten around infected organ against ‘voice infection’. 23 (23)
Marketed mineral stone Mineral stone/ Da nazer dana Mineral Small size stones of red-orange color available in markets Ritual Mineral stone It is wrapped in cloth and fastened around or near the infected organ as Amulet, against ‘voice infection’. It is rarely available in the market. 18 (18)
A specific common stone common stone/ Sheen kanrai Mineral Locally available near/around water channels Dermatological Stone powder Crashed into pieces and sieved through cloth to obtain powder which is spread on small wounds on the body for rapid healing. 17 (17)
Capra falconeri Sulaiman Markhor/ Gharchanay Animal Wild Hepatic Bile of gall bladder The fresh bile of gall bladder is taken orally against hepatitis B and C. Its meat is also considered good for health. 14 (12)
Gallus gallus domesticus Chicken soup/ Yakhni Bird Domestic Musculoskeletal Meat It is boiled in water with black pepper powder and the decoction (chicken soup) is taken orally for bone healings. 6 (6)
Erethizon dorsaum Porcupine/
Skonr
Animal Wild Musculoskeletal Body fats The fats oil is applied on affected organ. 4 (4)
Equus africanus asinus Ass/ khra Animal Domestic Respiratry Milk Fresh milk of ass is taken directly against whopping cough. 3 (3)
Silver Silver/ Speen zer Mineral Precious metal, wear by women taken from market Ritual Silver The silver is wrapped in cloth and fastened around or near the infected organ against ‘voice infection’. Mostly when gold is not available then silver is used. 3 (3)
Ursus americanus Black bear/ Yaaz Animal Wild Musculoskeletal Body fats The fats oil is applied on affected organ. 3 (3)