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Table 1 Characteristics of eligible guidelines

From: Headache and migraine clinical practice guidelines: a systematic review and assessment of complementary and alternative medicine recommendations

Guideline Country (First Author) Developer CAM Category Guideline Topic
Ren 2020 [28] China China Association of Chinese Medicine Acupuncture, herbal therapy, Chinese medicine Diagnosis and treatment for headache
Araki 2019 [29] Japan Japanese Society of Neurology and Japanese Headache Society, with collaboration from the Japanese Society of Neurological Therapeutics and the Japan Neurosurgical Society Acupuncture, herbal, electrotherapy, dietary supplements, oxygen therapy, behavioural therapy Chronic headache
Sacco 2019 [30] Italy European Headache Federation None Migraine prevention
Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network 2018 [31] Scotland Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network None Pharmacological management of migraine
Al Khaled 2017 [32] Qatar Ministry of Public Health of Qatar Acupuncture, herbal therapy, homeopathy, electrotherapy, dietary supplements, oxygen therapy, behavioural therapy Headache in adults
Orr 2016 [33] USA American Headache Society Dietary Supplements Management of adults with acute migraine in the emergency department
Moisset 2016 [34] France French society for the Study of Migraine and Headache Disorders
(SFEMC1) and the French Society of Neurology (SFN2)
Oxygen therapy Emergency management of headache
Robbins 2016 [35] United States American Headache Society Electrotherapy, dietary supplements Treatment of cluster headache
Becker 2015 [36] Canada Canadian Family Physician, Alberta College of Family Physicians Herbal therapy, electrotherapy, dietary supplements, oxygen therapy, behavioural therapy Primary care management of headache in adults
Worthington 2013 [37] Canada The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences None Acute drug therapy for migraine headache
Bendtsen 2012 [38] Denmark Danish Headache Society Acupuncture, dietary supplements Diagnosis and treatment of headache disorders and facial pain
Holland 2012 [39] United States American Academy of Neurology Herbal therapy, dietary supplements, oxygen therapy NSAIDs and complementary treatments for episodic migraine prevention
NICE 2012 [40] United Kingdom National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Dietary supplements, oxygen therapy Diagnosis and management of headache
Pringsheim 2012 [41] Canada The Canadian Neurological Society Herbal therapy, dietary supplements Migraine prophylaxis
Silberstein 2012 [42] USA American Academy of Neurology None Pharmacologic treatment for episodic migraine prevention in adults
Sarchielli 2012 [43] Italy Italian Society for the Study of
Acupuncture, manual therapy, herbal therapy, electrotherapy, dietary supplements, oxygen therapy behavioural therapy Guidelines for primary headaches
Vukovic 2012 [44] Croatia Croatian Society for Neurovascular Disorders, Croatian Medical Association Acupuncture, manual therapy, herbal therapy, homeopathy, electrotherapy, dietary supplements, oxygen therapy, behavioural therapy Treatment of primary headache
Bryans 2011 [45] Canada Canadian Chiropractic Protective Association Manual therapy (i.e. chiropractic), electrotherapy, behavioural therapy Chiropractic treatment of adults with headache
Evers 2011 [46] Germany EFNS Guidelines None Treatment of medication overuse headache
Saper 2010 [47] USA Michigan Head-Pain & Neurological Institute None Continuous opioid therapy for refractory daily headache
Evers 2009 [48] Germany European Federation of Neurological Societies (EFNS) Herbal therapy, dietary supplements Drug treatment of migraine