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Table 1 Outcomes reported in 73 reviews evaluating TCM in the treatment of UC

From: An evidence mapping of systematic reviews and meta-analysis on traditional Chinese medicine for ulcerative colitis

   Outcomes Number of reviews (%)
Clinical effects 1 Clinical effectiveness 28 (38.4)
2 Total effectiveness 48 (65.8)
3 Cure rate 12 (16.4)
4 Significant effectiveness 2 (2.7)
5 Inefficiency rate 2 (2.7)
6 Recurrence rate 23 (31.5)
Adverse reaction 7 Adverse reaction rate 42 (57.5)
Immune factor levels 8 TNF-a 5 (6.8)
9 IL-6 5 (6.8)
10 IL-8 3 (4.1)
11 IL-10 1 (1.4)
12 IL-13 1 (1.4)
13 IL-17 3 (4.1)
14 IL-23 3 (4.1)
Infection screening 15 CRP 7 (9.6)
16 ESR 5 (6.8)
Performance of colonoscopy 17 Performance of colonoscopy 20 (27.4)
18 Mucosal biopsy score 4 (5.5)
19 Efficacy of mucosal lesions 1 (1.4)
Clinical symptoms 20 TCM syndrome score 14 (19.2)
21 DAI 9 (12.3)
22 Abdominal pain 6 (8.2)
23 Diarrhea 6 (8.2)
24 Pus and blood stool 6 (8.2)
25 Tenesmus 3 (4.1)
26 Time of bellyache disappearance 3 (4.1)
27 Time of diarrhea disappearance 3 (4.1)
28 Time of hematochezia disappearance 2 (2.7)
29 Time of fever disappearance 2 (2.7)
30 Defecate occult blood 2 (2.7)
31 Total symptom score before and after treatment 1 (1.4)
32 Geboes index 1 (1.4)
33 Symptom relief time 1 (1.4)
34 Intervention treatment 1 (1.4)
Serum inflammatory cytokines levels 35 IgG 4 (5.5)
36 IgA 3 (4.1)
37 IgM 2 (2.7)
Blood routine 38 Negative conversion rate of White blood cells and red blood cells in stool routine 1 (1.4)
39 Whole blood viscosity score 1 (1.4)
40 Plasma viscosity 1 (1.4)
Level of intestinal flora 41 Bifidobacterium level 1 (1.4)
42 Lactobacillus level 1 (1.4)
43 Enterococcus level 1 (1.4)
44 E. coli level 1 (1.4)
  1. Abbreviations: DAI DNA-dependent activator of IFN-regulatory factors; IL inflammatory factors levels of interleukin; ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate; CRP C-reaction protein; IgA immunoglobulin A; IgM immunoglobulin M; IgG immunoglobulin G