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Table 2 Frequency of Information sources used by naturopathic practitioners to inform patient care, and frequency of source of knowledge and information shared by patients with naturopathic practitioners

From: Naturopaths’ mobilisation of knowledge and information in clinical practice: an international cross-sectional survey

  n (%) Frequency of use
Always Most of the time About half the time Sometimes Never
Information source used by naturopaths to inform patient care (n = 478)
Information published in scientific journals by researchers 364 (76.2) 68 (19.2) 157 (44.4) 66 (18.6) 62 (17.5) 1 (0.3)
Information gathered from conferences or other professional events 354 (74.1) 31 (10.2) 87 (28.5) 92 (30.2) 94 (30.8) 1 (0.3)
Information published in modern naturopathic clinical textbooks (published in the last 10 years) 338 (70.7) 27 (9.0) 95 (31.8) 71 (23.8) 103 (34.5) 3 (1.0)
Information from laboratory tests, pathology, or radiology tests 335 (70.1) 78 (27.7) 110 (39.0) 50 (17.7) 44 (15.6) 0 (0.0)
Information published in professional journals for clinicians 333 (69.7) 31 (9.9) 115 (36.9) 81 (26.0) 83 (26.6) 2 (0.6)
Information provided by the patient 309 (64.6) 205 (81.7) 26 (10.4) 9 (3.6) 11 (4.4) 0 (0.0)
Information published in general clinical textbooks 296 (61.9) 24 (8.9) 87 (32.1) 59 (21.8) 100 (36.9) 1 (0.4)
Information from clinical guidelines 248 (51.9) 24 (12.2) 85 (43.2) 31 (15.7) 54 (27.4) 3 (1.5)
Information provided by product companies 230 (48.1) 7 (3.5) 43 (21.5) 51 (25.5) 99 (49.5) 0 (0.0)
Information published in traditional naturopathic clinical textbooks (published more than 50 years ago) 193 (40.4) 6 (3.5) 46 (27.1) 24 (14.1) 87 (51.2) 7 (4.1)
Source of knowledge or information shared by patients with their naturopathic practitioner
Patients perspective of living with their condition (n = 371)   182 (49.1) 149 (40.2) 27 (7.3) 13 (3.5) 0 (0.0)
Patient’s personal health history (n = 371)   166 (44.9) 126 (34.1) 47 (12.7) 29 (7.8) 2 (0.5)
Patient’s family health history (n = 371)   101 (27.2) 152 (41.0) 54 (14.5) 62 (16.7) 2 (0.5)
Conventional medical examinations or tests (n = 371)   77 (20.8) 164 (44.2) 75 (20.2) 51 (13.8) 7 (1.1)
Functional examinations or tests (e.g., urine/salivary hormone tests) (n = 369)   48 (13.0) 77 (20.9) 78 (21.1) 154 (41.7) 12 (3.3)
General internet sources (e.g., blogs, social media) (n = 370)   36 (9.7) 154 (41.6) 93 (25.2) 79 (21.4) 8 (2.2)
Other health professionals involved in their care (n = 371)   21 (5.7) 107 (28.8) 115 (31.0) 125 (33.7) 3 (0.8)
Informal sources (e.g., family and friends) (n = 371)   20 (5.4) 83 (22.4) 113 (30.5) 144 (38.8) 11 (3.0)
Books (n = 371)   9 (2.4) 46 (12.4) 71 (19.2) 229 (61.7) 16 (4.3)
Broadcast media (e.g., TV, radio) (n = 370)   12 (3.2) 63 (17.0) 64 (17.3) 196 (53.0) 35 (9.5)
Research organisations (n = 368)   5 (1.4) 10 (2.7) 8 (2.2) 208 (56.5) 137 (37.2)
Patient advocacy or support groups (n = 371)   4 (1.1) 13 (3.5) 32 (8.6) 219 (59.0) 103 (27.8)
Government agencies (n = 369)   1 (0.3) 9 (2.4) 23 (6.2) 217 (58.8) 119 (32.3)
Published journal articles (n = 371)   1 (0.3) 19 (15.1) 13 (3.5) 217 (58.5) 121 (32.6)