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Table 1 The relationship between the TPB constructs and demographic variables

From: Predictors of self-medication with herbal remedies during pregnancy based on the theory of planned behavior in Kashan, Iran

Variables Group Awareness Attitude Subjective norms Behavioral intention Behavioral control Behavior
Performance
(herbal self-medication)
Age
Mean ± SD
28. 7±5/4
20< 15±0. 6 24.5± 1. 6 16. 2±0. 6 4. 1±0.3 9.4 ± 0.3 105± 1. 7
21-30 15. 1±0.3 23±0.4 16. 6±0.3 4. 2±0.09 8. 7±0. 1 101± 1. 2
31-40 14.3 ± 0.3 23.06 ± 0.4 16.04 ± .03 4.3 ± 0. 1 9±0. 1 101± 1.3
40> 20± 1 27.5 ± 0.5 16±0.5 4.5 ± 0.5 8±0. 1 100± 1. 1
p-value* 0.5 0. 2 0.01 0. 9 0.4 0. 9
Occupation status Employed 13.5 ± 0. 9 24. 1± 1. 1 15.5 ± 0. 8 4 ± 0.3 9.3 ± 0. 6 100 ± 4.07
Housewife 14.4 ± 0.3 22. 9±0.3 16. 6±0. 2 4.3 ± 0. 1 8. 9±0. 1 101 ± 0. 9
p-value** 0.4 0. 8 0. 1 0. 2 0.3 0.3
Education Illiterate and elementary 13. 1± 1.03 24. 2± 1. 6 17.4 ± 0. 9 4.3 ± 0. 2 9±0.5 101± 2. 9
Middle School 14. 1±0. 6 23.5 ± 0.5 16.4 ± 0.4 4. 1±0. 1 8. 6±0.3 104± 1. 2
High school 14. 7±0.4 23.5 ± 0. 6 16. 7±0.3 4.3 ± 0. 1 8. 7±0. 2 100± 1.5
University Education 14. 2±0.5 22. 1±0. 7 16.05 ± 0.4 4.3 ± 0. 1 9.4 ± 0. 2 101± 2
p-value* 0. 1 0. 6 0. 1 0.03 0.3 0.5
Economic status Good 13.4 ± 0. 6 21. 6±0. 8 16. 7±0. 6 4.4 ± 0.3 10.03 ± 0.4 98. 6± 2. 2
Fair 14.3 ± 0.3 23.5 ± 0.4 16.4 ± 0. 2 4. 2±0. 1 8. 7±0. 1 101± 1. 2
Poor 14.4 ± 0. 6 23.3± 1. 1 16. 1±0. 7 4.5 ± 0. 2 8. 8±0.4 103± 1. 7
p-value* 0.3 0. 1 0. 2 0. 1 0. 1 0. 6
  1. *Anova, **t-test