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Table 3 Antifungal activity of ethanolic extract of propolis from different geographical origins against Candida glabrata strains

From: Antifungal and anti-biofilm activity of a new Spanish extract of propolis against Candida glabrata

Candida glabrata (n) Propolis origin Range MIC (μg/ml or %v/v) Range MFC (μg/ml or %v/v) MIC Methodology References
12 Spain 60–240 (0.1–0.4%) 240–480 (0.4–0.8%) Agar dilution a Present work
1 France * 15.63–31.25 Microdilution in broth b Boisard et al. [16]
14 Poland * 1.25- > 5%   Szweda et al. [21]
1 Poland * 0.31- > 2.5%   Gucwa et al. [26]
14 Iran 250–5000 250–8000 Microdilution in broth b Shokri et al. [19]
1 Brazil 64 256 Microdilution in broth a Siqueira et al. [20]
1 Brazil * 7.8 250 Microdilution in broth a Freires et al. [17]
  1. MIC minimum inhibitory concentration; MFC minimum fungicidal concentration by microdilution in broth and subculture on agar in all studies; (*) several propolis samples; (−) No data; (a) 100% inhibition of growth; (b) 80% reduction of growth