Skip to main content

Table 3 Comparison of patient demographics between types of TCM users (n = 329)

From: Traditional and complementary medicine use among chronic haemodialysis patients: a nationwide cross-sectional study

  Use before dialysis
n = 132
(40.1%)
Use
after dialysis
n = 81
(24.6%)
Never
use
n = 116
(35.3%)
p- value
Age (numerical) 55.3
(12.0)b
51.5
(13.1)b
56.7 (12.3)b 0.015c
Age (category)
  <  20 0 (0.0) 1 (1.2) 0 (0.0)  
 21–30 4 (3.0) 4 (4.9) 3 (2.6)  
 31–40 13 (9.8) 12 (14.8) 13 (11.2)
 41–50 24 (18.2) 17 (21.0) 14 (12.1)
 51–60 43 (32.6) 25 (30.9) 35 (30.2)  
  > 60 48 (36.4) 22 (27.2) 51 (44.0)  
Gender
 Male 72 (54.5) 42 (51.9) 66 (56.9) 0.787a
 Female 60 (45.5) 39 (48.1) 50 (43.1)
Ethnicity
 Malay 95 (72.0) 61 (75.3) 81 (69.8)  
 Chinese 27 (20.5) 10 (12.3) 30 (25.9) 0.066a
 Indian 9 (6.8) 10 (12.3) 4 (3.4)
 Others 1 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.9)  
Household Income
  < RM 3000 (<USD 700) 93 (70.5) 54 (66.7) 85 (73.3)  
 RM 3000 – 4999
 (USD 700 – USD 1199)
20 (15.2) 12 (14.8) 17 (14.7)  
 RM 5000 – 9999
 (USD 1200 – USD 2399)
15 (11.4) 12 (14.8) 11 (9.5) 0.981a
 RM 10,000 – 15,000
 (USD 2400 – USD 3599)
3 (2.3) 2 (2.5) 2 (1.7)  
  > RM 15,000
 (>USD 3600)
1 (0.8) 1 (1.2) 1 (0.9)  
Marital Status
 Single 8 (6.1) 10 (12.3) 7 (6.0)  
 Married 107 (81.1) 62 (76.5) 92 (79.3) 0.480a
 Widowed 17 (12.9) 9 (11.1) 17 (14.7)  
Education Status
 None 5 (3.8) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.9) 0.009a
 Primary School 18 (13.6) 1 (1.2) 13 (11.2)  
  1. aFisher’s exact test bMean (standard deviation) cANOVA