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Table 3 Inhibition zone in diameter of pathogenic microbes on agar disc diffusion, KMU, 2020

From: Antimicrobial activity of medicinal plants used for urinary tract infections in pastoralist community in Ethiopia

Scientific name Concentration Inhibition zone in diameter (mm)
Gram positive bacteria Gram negative bacteria Fungi
S. aureus E. faecalis E.coli K. pneumoniae C. albicans
  Mg/ml μl/disc ATCC MRSA ATCC MDR ATCC MDR ATCC MDR ATCC Sample
C. englerianum 100 15 16 ± .0.1 15 ± 0.4 18 ± 0.9 17 ± 1.0 9 ± 0.3 13 ± 1.4 16 ± 2.0 11 ± 0.1 14 ± 1.1
30 24 ± 3.0 25 ± 0.8** 27 ± 1.3 27 ± 1.5# 20 ± 0.7 21 ± 0.2 26 ± 0.8 26 ± 0.9¥ 21 ± 0.7 9 ± 0.3
E. depauperata 100 15 15 ± .0.6 14 ± 0.7 16 ± 2.0 17 ± 0.3 17 ± 0.1 18 ± 0.7 10 ± 0.9
30 23 ± 2.4 23 ± 1.0* 26 ± 0.9 26 ± 0.5# 13 ± 0.1 12 ± 0.4 25 ± 1.2 25 ± 0.7¥ 22 ± 1.1 23 ± 0.7
L. adoensis 100 15 16 ± .1.2 12 ± 0.1 11 ± 1.1 14 ± 0.1 10 ± 0.7 14 ± 0.2 20 ± 0.6 20 ± 0.3 9 ± 0.3
30 22 ± 2.4 21 ± 1.8 21 ± 0.5 21 ± 1.5 21 ± 2.1 21 ± 0.3 27 ± 0.1 27 ± 0.7¥ 11 ± 0.9 20 ± 0.1
D.penninervi m 100 15 16 ± .0.3 14 ± 0.1 16 ± 0.4 15 ± 0.7 20 ± 0.7 19 ± 1.0 18 ± 0.3 16 ± 0.2 13 ± 0.3 9 ± 1.6
30 21 ± 0.5 23 ± 2.0* 21 ± 0.1 20 ± 1.0 25 ± 0.8 23 ± 0.1 23 ± 0.7 21 ± 0.4 20 ± 0.9 19 ± 0.4
R. abyssinicus 100 15 14 ± 0.9 9 ± 0.8 15 ± 1.1 11 ± 1.0 11 ± 1.0 9 ± 0.7 10 ± 0.2 14 ± 0.4
30 22 ± 0.6 20 ± 0.4 25 ± 0.4 19 ± 1.1 10 ± 0.8 12 ± 0.1 20 ± 0.1 19 ± 0.6 21 ± 0.5 21 ± 0.1
C. pustulatus 100 15 12 ± 1.0 12 ± 0.2 12 ± 0.8 16 ± 1.2 15 ± 0.2 10 ± 0.8 10 ± 0.9 11 ± 0.8 12 ± 0.8 10 ± 0.1
30 21 ± 0.8 21 ± 0.8 23 ± 0.5 22 ± 0.8# 23 ± 0.4 18 ± 0.9 21 ± 1.0 21 ± 0.4 18 ± 0.1 18 ± 0.8
Modern drug    22 ± 2.0Ce 12 ± 1.9Ce 22 ± 3.0C 13 ± 1.2C 26 ± 2.1C 15 ± 2.3C 24 ± 1.2C 14 ± 1.9C 22 ± 0.3F 21 ± 1.3F
  1. Mean ± SD, NT Not tested, − = No inhibition zone, C Ciprofloxacin, Ce Cefoxitin, F Ketoconazole, MDR < 16 mm, ATCC > 21 mm *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01 compared to cefoxitin treated MRSA. #P < 0.05 compared to modern drug treated E. faecalis, ¥ P < 0.05 compared to modern drug treated K. pneumoniae
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