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Table 6 Bivariate and multivariate analysis on the association between respondents’ demographic characteristics and their pattern of TM use. Ethnicity: Others*: Hidareb, Saho, Bilen, Nara, Afar

From: Traditional medicine among the community of Gash-Barka region, Eritrea: attitude, societal dependence, and pattern of use

Variables Bivariate analysis Multivariate analysis
COR 95% CI p-value AOR 95% CI p-value
Preference of TM as a primary healthcare
Ever visited THP
  Yes 8.30 (3.25, 21.20) <  0.0001    
  No Ref      
Ever visited THPs
Sex
  Female 1.78 (0.99, 3.17) 0.052 1.85 (1.01, 3.38) 0.046
  Male Ref    
Ethnicity
  Tigre 0.85 (0.42, 1.73) 0.655 0.97 (0.47, 2.01) 0.934
  Kunama 2.05 (0.88, 4.78) 0.097 2.30 (0.97, 5.46) 0.600
  Others* 0.60 (0.25, 1.47) 0.263 0.64 (0.26, 1.59) 0.338
  Tigrigna Ref     
Future use of TM
Sex
  Female 2.60 (1.17, 5.75) 0.018 2.26 (0.92, 5.14) <  0.0001
  Male Ref    
Ever visited THP
 Yes 4.73 (2.13, 10.50) <  0.0001 4.40 (1.97, 9.83) <  0.0001
 No Ref      
Use of TM to induce diarrhea and/or vomiting for “cleansing purposes”
Level of Education
  No formal education 2.48 (1.11, 5.54) 0.026    
  Elementary or higher Ref      
Willingness to disclose use of TM to CHPs
Ethnicity
  Tigrigna 9.03 (2.98, 27.36) <  0.0001 8.74 (2.85, 26.75) <  0.0001
  Tigre 1.81 (0.59, 5.52) 0.300 1.72 (0.56, 5.31) 0.345
  Kunama 7.02 (2.20, 22.41) 0.001 5.97 (1.84, 19.37) 0.003
  Others* Ref