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Table 2 HPLC Analysis of Different Extracts of Euphorbia helioscopia for Total Phenolic and Flavonoid Contents

From: Efficacy of Euphorbia helioscopia in context to a possible connection between antioxidant and antidiabetic activities: a comparative study of different extracts

Compound Name MthEh (mg/g) EthEh (mg/g) AqEh (mg/g)
Phenolic Contents
 Gallic Acid 608.62 ± 49.23 b 829.41 ± 52.31 a 297.21 ± 21.87 c
 HydroxyBenzoic Acid N.D 29.98 ± 0.91 a 9.43 ± 0.43 b
 Chlorogenic acid 2368.06 ± 81.84 a 765.64 ± 21.02 c 1072.95 ± 41.25 b
 Caffic acid 42.69 ± 1.21 a 13.53 ± 0.82 b 13.53 ± 0.61 b
 Vanlic acid N.D 17.40 ± 0.51 N.D
 P-cumaric acid 133.15 ± 7.05 N.D N.D
 Ferulic acid 2.04 ± 0.27 N.D N.D
Flavonoid Contents
 Catechin acid 814.87 ± 102.7 a 774.7 ± 62.31 b 386.33 ± 24.44 c
 Quercetin 531.94 ± 31.39 a 226.94 ± 9.81 b 92.1 ± 7.91 c
 Rutin 2149.39 ± 119.28a 1774.60 ± 94.83 b 741.11 ± 37.21 c
  1. Results are expressed as Means±SD (standard deviation). Values that do not share a superscript letter (a to c) in the same row are significantly different (p ≤ 0.5)
  2. MthEh Methanolic extract of Euphorbia helioscopia, EthEh Ethanolic extract of Euphorbia helioscopia, AqEh Aqueous extract of Euphorbia helioscopia, N.D Not detected
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