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Table 2 Characteristics of global naturopathic education, programs, and institutions

From: Characteristics of global naturopathic education, regulation, and practice frameworks: results from an international survey

  N %
Characteristics of naturopathic education according to WHO guidelines (n=65)
Minimum 1500 contact hours 55 84.6
Minimum 2 years length 49 75.4
Minimum 400 supervised clinical hours 47 72.3
All three guidelines met 41 63.1
No guidelines met 5 7.7
Characteristics of naturopathic educational programs (n=25)
 Program length
  2 years 4 16.0
  3 years 8 32.0
  4 years 12 48.0
 Program and Qualification type
  Vocational (Diploma or unspecified qualification level) 10 40.0
  Higher education 15 60.0
  Undergraduate bachelor’s degree [Australia, Brazil, NZ] 6 24.0
  Postgraduate qualification [Canada, Puerto Rico, South Africa, UK, USA] 9 36.0
 Qualification delivered by national qualifications’ framework
  aYes 17 68.0
  No 8 32.0
Characteristics of naturopathic educational institutions (n=25)
For profit 15 60.0
Not for profit 9 36.0
State 1 4.0
Year educational institution first offered naturopathic program
1956–1975 4 16.0
1976–1995 5 20.0
1996–2015 14 56.0
Characteristics of program audits (n=25)
 Schools reporting some type of external audit
  Yes 19 76.0
  No 6 24.0
 Organizations responsible for external auditsb
  Government 11 30.6
  Private 0 0.0
  Professional association 12 33.3
  Accrediting body 11 30.6
  Other 2 5.6
 External audit typec
  Governance/quality assurance 18 19.8
  Course content, delivery, and assessment 27 29.7
  Clinical processes 20 22.0
  Financial 17 18.7
  Other 9 9.9
Characteristics of organizational influence on naturopathic education (n=65)
 Perceived influence of organizations (other than educational institution) on delivery and content of education
  National Professional Association 49 75.4
  Regional Professional Association 13 20.0
  Accreditation Body 27 41.5
  Regulatory Board 22 33.8
  National Government 18 27.7
  Regional Government 6 9.2
  Other Health Professionals 14 21.5
  Third-Party Funders 13 20.0
  Multi-National Body 8 12.3
  1. aIncluded Italy based on UNI ISO standard; b.(n=19 [36 responses]); c.(n=24 [91 responses])
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