Skip to main content

Table 4 Zones of inhibition (mm) displayed by combined AFCs with TEO or AVG against pathogenic fungi at 3.0 mg/ml of each tested agent

From: Synergistic antifungal evaluation of over-the-counter antifungal creams with turmeric essential oil or Aloe vera gel against pathogenic fungi

Isolates Clotrimazole + TEO Fluconazole + TEO Ketoconazole + TEO Terbinafine + TEO Clotrimazole + AVG Fluconazole + AVG Ketoconazole + AVG Terbinafine + AVG
C. tropicalis (ATCC 66029) 9.6 ± 0.2 bc 8.0 ± 0.0 c 10.0 ± 0.0 a 12.0 ± 0.3 a 7.7 ± 0.0 cd 10.3 ± 1.5 a 7.3 ± 0.1 cd 11.3 ± 1.2 a
C. albicans 10.6 ± 0.2 b 11.0 ± 0.5 b 9.0 ± 0.0 c 8.6 ± 0.8 c 9.0 ± 1.0 c 8.0 ± 2.0 c 7.0 ± 0.0 d 12.7 ± 1.0 a
Penicillium notatum 10.7 ± 0.6 b 11.3 ± 0.6 b 7.7 ± 0.3 d 9.7 ± 0.3 c 9.0 ± 1.0 c 6.0 ± 1.0 e 8.0 ± 1.0 d 13.6 ± 1.3 a
A. fumigatus 9.0 ± 0.6 b 8.0 ± 0.0 b 8.0 ± 0.0 b 8.0 ± 0.0 b 11.0 ± 2.0 a 11.0 ± 1.0 a 10.6 ± 1.7 a 10.7 ± 0.5 a
A. niger 10.0 ± 0.6 a 8.0 ± 0.0 b 7.0 ± 0.0 b 7.0 ± 0.0 b 7.0 ± 1.0 b 7.7 ± 0.5 b 8.6 ± 0.3 b 11.3 ± 0.3 a
A. flavus 9.6 ± 0.2 b 7.0 ± 0.0 c 9.0 ± 0.5 b 11.0 ± 0.5 a 10.0 ± 1.0 a 9.0 ± 1.0 b 7.3 ± 0.3 c 10.7 ± 0.5 a
T. rubrum 6.0 ± 0.5 d 10.3 ± 0.3 b 11.0 ± 0.5 b 9.6 ± 0.3 bc 8.0 ± 0.3 c 10.7 ± 1.3 b 8.0 ± 0.0 c 13.7 ± 0.3 a
T. violceum 10.0 ± 0.6 a 9.3 ± 0.0 ab 9.0 ± 0.5 ab 10.3 ± 1.0 a 10.0 ± 0.0 a 8.0 ± 1.0 b 11.3 ± 0.5 a 10.0 ± 0.0 a
T. mentagrophytes 8.0 ± 0.5 cd 9.0 ± 0.5 c 8.3 ± 0.3 c 7.6 ± 0.3 d 11.7 ± 1.1 b 10.0 ± 2.0 b 12.7 ± 0.0 a 13.7 ± 0.8 a
  1. Value are mean ± SD of replicates (n = 3). Values with the same superscript alphabet along row are not significantly different from each other when P < 0.05
\