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Table 3 Effects of FHDE on plasma biochemical parameters and lipid concentrations

From: Hepatoprotective effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid-enriched fermented Hovenia dulcis extract on ethanol-induced liver injury in mice

 NRCNCFHDE1FHDE3HDE
AST (U/ml)52.35 ± 2.12a68.70 ± 1.86b61.26 ± 1.96c59.88 ± 2.25c61.92 ± 1.36c
ALT (U/ml)17.42 ± 0.45a32.92 ± 1.30b16.90 ± 1.07a12.24 ± 0.71c17.09 ± 0.88a
Free fatty acid (%)0.17 ± 0.01a0.22 ± 0.01b0.16 ± 0.01a0.16 ± 0.01a0.20 ± 0.01abc
LDL-Cholesterol (μg/μl)1.68 ± 0.04a2.13 ± 0.11b1.61 ± 0.13a1.65 ± 0.16a1.74 ± 0.05a
HDL-Cholesterol (μg/μl)3.09 ± 0.01a3.01 ± 0.01b3.03 ± 0.02b3.06 ± 0.01ab3.03 ± 0.01b
Triglyceride (g/mol)1.60 ± 0.03ad1.86 ± 0.02bd1.66 ± 0.06abd1.48 ± 0.06ac1.76 ± 0.07d
  1. NRC normal control group, NC negative control group administered with a diet containing 3% ethanol, HDE administered with the diet containing 3% ethanol and 0.3% HDE, FHDE1 and FHDE3 administered with the diet containing 0.1 and 0.3% FHDE, respectively in the diet containing 3% alcohol. Data are presented as mean ± SEM of triplicate experiments. Values with different letters indicate significant differences (P < 0.05)