Skip to main content

Table 4 Odds of 12-month CAM use in Singapore by ethnicity

From: The use of complementary and alternative medicine in a multi-ethnic Asian population: results from the 2016 Singapore Mental Health Study

 ChineseMalayIndian
OR95% CIpOR95% CIpOR95% CIp
Age
 18–34 (reference)         
 35–491.630.89–2.980.1111.040.59–1.820.9011.280.70–2.350.426
 50–641.090.50–2.370.2100.830.45–1.520.5431.210.60–2.450.591
 65+1.220.36–4.150.7480.180.05–0.660.0100.760.30–1.900.554
Gender
 Male (reference)         
 Female2.001.25–3.200.0041.500.99–2.260.0542.211.42–3.45< 0.001
Marital status
 Married (reference)         
 Never married1.881.08–3.280.0251.961.15–3.320.0133.111.74–5.55< 0.001
 Divorced/separated0.280.06–1.240.0931.510.71–3.200.2842.361.13–4.900.022
 Widowed1.880.43–8.170.4004.841.63–14.340.0040.930.31–2.790.890
Education
 University (reference)         
 Diploma1.220.70–2.120.4790.490.24–0.980.0441.370.77–2.440.282
 Vocational/ITE0.610.18–2.090.4270.450.21–0.940.0341.470.57–3.820.423
 Pre-U/JC1.140.45–2.890.7770.330.10–1.090.0691.330.50–3.490.568
 Secondary0.830.41–1.680.6090.380.18–0.790.0091.270.64–2.530.495
 Pri and below0.270.06–1.170.0810.400.16–0.990.0470.670.25–1.810.435
Employment
 Employed (reference)         
 Economically inactive0.590.28–1.210.1481.240.74–2.050.4141.110.67–1.810.691
 Unemployed2.781.30–5.980.0091.100.48–2.480.8282.191.11–4.310.024
Monthly Household Income
 10,000 and above (reference)         
 6000–99991.100.60–2.010.7501.490.56–3.940.4230.570.32–1.040.065
 4000–59990.660.32–1.350.2531.190.45–3.140.7240.290.14–0.600.001
 2000–39991.250.61–2.590.5431.330.52–3.380.5490.300.15–0.620.001
 Below 20000.630.26–1.550.3171.430.52–3.910.4900.590.26–1.350.212
Any mental disorder
 No (reference)         
 Yes3.742.28–6.15< 0.0014.743.13–7.19< 0.0013.662.37–5.65< 0.001