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Table 3 Prevalence of 12-month CAM use for mental illness in Singapore by ethnicity

From: The use of complementary and alternative medicine in a multi-ethnic Asian population: results from the 2016 Singapore Mental Health Study

 ChineseMalayIndianTotal 
Weighted %95% CIWeighted %95% CIWeighted %95% CIWeighted %95% CIp
Overall, any CAM use5.94.9–7.18.16.9–9.67.66.4–9.06.45.6–7.30.008
Prayer or other spiritual practices2.01.4–2.85.54.5–6.74.23.3–5.32.72.2–3.3< 0.001
Exercise or movement therapy1.91.3–2.61.61.1–2.32.01.4–2.81.91.4–2.40.769
Massage therapy1.61.1–2.31.91.3–2.71.71.2–2.41.61.2–2.10.786
Relaxation or meditation techniques1.51.0–2.20.80.4–1.32.11.5–2.91.51.1–2.00.071
Acupuncture0.60.3–1.10.50.3–1.00.50.3–0.90.60.4–1.00.835
Special diets0.30.1–0.70.50.2–1.00.20.1–0.60.30.1–0.60.528
Any other non-traditional remedy or therapy0.30.1–0.70.10.0–0.50.10.0–0.60.20.1–0.50.331
Spiritual healing by others0.20.1–0.60.30.1–0.80.50.3–1.00.20.1–0.50.323
Chiropractic0.20.1–0.50.20.1–0.60.10.03–0.50.20.1–0.40.607
Herbal therapy0.10.03–0.50.20.1–0.50.030.004–0.20.10.05–0.30.152
High dose mega-vitamins0.10.03–0.50.050.01–0.30NA0.10.03–0.40.587
Homeopathy0NA0.20.1–0.50.20.05–0.60.10.03–0.1< 0.001
Biofeedback0.10.01–0.40NA0NA0.040.01–0.30.571
Energy healing0NA0.10.03–0.50.10.03–.50.040.02–0.1< 0.001
Hypnosis0NA0.10.01–0.40NA0.0070.001–0.050.008