Skip to main content

Table 5 Factors associated with the use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, PNS 2013e

From: Prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in Brazil

Prevalence of CAM use a (95%CI) b by sociodemographic variables
 AcupunctureHomeopathyMedicinal Plants and Herbal MedicinesCAM total
 aOR (95%CI)aOR (95%CI)aOR (95%CI)aOR (95%CI)
Brazilian regions
 Southeast1.001.001.001.00
 South0.67 (0.44–0.99)p1.51 (0.90–2.52)3.01 (1.99–4.54) p1.67 (1.31–2.13) p
 Midwest0.53 (0.36–0.76) p1.24 (0.80–1.93)1.75 (1.12–2.73) p1.09 (0.85–1.40)
 Northeast0.31 (0.20–0.49) p0.45 (0.27–0.74) p1.97 (1.22–3.18) p1.08 (0.82–1.41)
 North0.18 (0.09–0.37) p1.59 (0.97–2.60)3.73 (2.27–6.13) p2.02 (1.49–2.74) p
Gender
 Male1.001.001.001.00
 Female1.95 (1.35–2.81) p1.47 (1.02–2.12) p1.23 (1.04–1.46) p1.42 (1.24–1.61) p
Age (years)
 18 to 39 years1.001.001.001.00
 40 to 59 years2.37 (1.63–3.47) p1.26 (0.81–1.96)1.51 (1.26–1.81) p1.64 (1.40–1.92) p
 60 years or older2.97 (2.03–4.34) p1.03 (0.67–1.58)1.49 (1.22–1.81) p1.62 (1.37–1.91) p
Educational level c
 Up to Incomplete Elementary School1.001.001.001.00
 Up to Complete High School1.60 (0.85–3.01)0.87 (0.47–1.64)0.89 (0.72–1.09)0.99 (0.82–1.20)
 From Incomplete College/University4.22 (2.05–8.69) p2.41 (1.22–4.77) p1.50 (1.04–2.18) p2.35 (1.79–3.07) p
Ethnicity/skin color
 White1.29 (0.87–1.91)1.22 (0.78–1.89)0.80 (0.65–0.99) p0.99 (0.85–1.16)
 Non-white1.001.001.001.00
Socioeconomic status d
 Higher (A + B)1.98 (1.22–3.20) p2.99 (1.71–5.22) p0.70 (0.51–0.95) p1.27 (1.01–1.59) p
 Intermediate (C)1.001.001.001.00
 Lower (D + E)0.36 (0.12–1.05)0.70 (0.40–1.22)2.04 (1.57–2.65) p1.77 (1.41–2.23) p
  1. a Prevalence considering the complex sample design
  2. b 95% confidence interval considering the complex sample design
  3. c The variable education categories “illiterate and incomplete elementary
  4. school” were aggregated”
  5. d The Brazil Criterion variable
  6. e Sample of individuals aged 18 years and older who answered the 2013 National Health Survey individual questionnaire
  7. p p-value < 0.05 compared with reference category